The kidneys are two organs that are found just below the rib cage on either side of the spine they are shaped like a bean and is the size of a clenched fist.
When the kidneys are healthy they usually filter about a half cup of blood per minute, and their functions are to remove waste and extra water to make urine. The urine then flows to the bladder via two tubes made up of muscles which known as the ureters, these tubes are located on the sides of the bladder
The best ways of catering to needs of the boomers are to understand what affects us socially, culturally and our personal values.
Our health and fitness mean a lot to us and because of this the fitness industry has shown much interest in this age group due to the global growth in health and fitness membership by this group.
There has been a large growth in health club membership and the boomer’s group is the group that is the largest supporters of these clubs and this is noted especially in the USA where it is said that women over 50 years old are the nation’s number one fastest group of exercises. Researchers have been telling us for a long time that exercise is good for lowering blood pressure losing weight keeping blood sugar in check, the boomers have taken this advice
There is a new perception of reaching old age ( boomers.) We boomers’ are more active and is taking an active role in our health and wellness well- being. We look forward to the future with much hope and optimism.
According to a recent US census estimates that those who are over 65 years will surpass those who are 5 years old by the year 2020 and as most boomers’ becomes more tech-savvy manufacturers and entrepreneurs needs to find new ways to cater to this age group and find new ways to meet our challenges yet allow us to live our lives fully.
Hepatitis A is a communicable disease of the liver caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV). It is usually transmitted person-to-person through poor hygiene practices of not the washing of hands after using the bathroom and because of this the disease usually goes through the fecal-oral route or consumption of contaminated food or water.
Hepatitis A disease that does not result in chronic infection. Most adults with hepatitis A have symptoms, including fatigue, low appetite, stomach pain, nausea, and jaundice, light-colored stool dark urine unexplained weight loss that usually resolve within 2 months of infection; most children less than 6 years of age do not have symptoms or have an unrecognized infection.
We will be looking at diseases of the liver which is the largest organ in the body. The liver’s function is to clean or filter the blood coming from the digestive tract, before distributing it to the rest of the body. The liver also detoxifies chemicals and metabolizes drugs. As it does so, the liver secretes bile that ends up back in the intestines.
The liver is shaped like a cone dark red in color and weighs about 3 lbs and is located at the right side of the bode near the stomach. underneath the rib cage, The liver has many functions
Functions of the Liver
The liver holds about one pint of the body’s blood supply at any given time. The liver consists of 2 main lobes. Both are made up of 8 segments that consist of 1,000 small lobes. These lobules are connected to small tubes that connect with larger tubes to form the common hepatic duct. The common hepatic duct transports the bile made by the liver cells to the gallbladder the first part of the small intestine via the common bile duct.
All the blood leaving the stomach and intestines passes through the liver. The liver processes this blood and breaks down balances, and creates the nutrients and also metabolizes drugs into forms that are easier to use for the rest of the body or that are nontoxic.
The liver is said to have more than 500 functions but some of the more known ones are:-
Conversion of sugar (or glucose ) into glycogen and to balance and make glucose as needed. (glycogen can later be converted back to glucose for energy)
Regulation of blood vessels of amino acids which form the building blocks of proteins.
Processing hemoglobin for use as iron (which is stored in the liver.)
Conversion of poisonous ammonia-urea (urea is the end product of protein metabolism and is excreted in the urine)
Clearing the blood of drugs and other poison
Regulating blood clotting
Resisting infection by making immune factors and removing bacteria from the bloodstream.
Clearance of bilirubin, also from red blood cells. If there is an accumulation of bilirubin, the skin and eyes turn yellow.
When the liver has broken down harmful substances, its by-products are excreted into the bile or blood. Bile by-products enter the intestine and leave the body in the form of feces. Blood by-products are filtered out by the kidneys, and leave the body in the form of urine.
There are many diseases that can affect the liver we will look at a few of them:-
In the early stages of inflammation of the liver, the area becomes hot and painful. But an inflamed liver may cause you no discomfort at all, and people with inflammation generally do not feel it. If your liver disease is diagnosed and treated successfully at this stage, the inflammation may go away. Inflammation of the liver consists of hepatitis A, B, C, D, E,
Hepatitis A- a highly contagious liver infection caused by the hepatitis A virus
Hep.B A serious liver infection caused by the hepatitis B virus that’s easily preventable by a vaccine.
Hepatitis C An infection caused by a virus that attacks the liver and leads to inflammation.
Hepatitis D A serious liver disease caused by infection with the hepatitis D virus.
Hepatitis E A liver disease caused by the hepatitis E virus.
If the inflamed liver is not treated it will start to scar, as it scars in excess the scar tissue grows and replaces the good tissues. This process is called fibrosis.
Scar tissue cannot do the work that what the healthy tissue can do and because of this the scar tissue can keep the blood from flowing and the more the scar tissue builds up the less work the liver is able to do or the good part of the liver has to work extra hard to make up for the bat part of the liver.
If the liver is treated at this stage there is a very good chance the liver can be healed. The liver has the ability to heal its self over a period of time.
Cirrhosis is the hard scarring tissue that replaces the soft healthy tissue. As cirrhosis becomes worse, the liver will have less healthy tissue. If cirrhosis is not treated, the liver will fail and will not be able to work well or at all.
Cirrhosis can lead to further complications including liver cancer. The symptoms of Cirrhosis are- You may bruise or bleed easily
Water may build up in the legs and abdomen.
The skin and eyes may take on a yellow color known as jaundice
There may be severe itching of the skin
The blood vessel leading to the liver may burst during the blood vessel becoming blocked.
The sensitivity and side effect to medications may increase.
Type 2 diabetes and resistance to insulin may develop.
Toxins may build up in your brain, causing problems with concentration, memory, sleeping, or other mental functions.
At this stage of the disease, the treatment is focused on keeping the disease from becoming worst or slowing it down.
END STAGE LIVER DISEASE (ESLD)
The end-stage liver disease shows signs of decompensation and is irreversible and cannot be treated with medication and only liver transplant can help. Decompensation includes hepatic encephalopathy, variceal bleed, kidney
impairment, ascites, lung issues. The decompensated liver disease allows these patients to be prioritized on the transplant list.
Cancer that starts in the liver is called primary liver cancer. Cirrhosis and hepatitis B are the leading risk factors for primary liver cancer. But cancer can develop in the liver at any stage in the progression of liver disease.
Symptoms of liver cancer usually don’t show up until very late in the disease. Some if the symptoms include.
Unintentional weight loss.
Loss of appetite
Feeling full after eating a very small meal
Nausea and vomiting
An enlarged liver which can be felt on the right side under the ribs
An enlarged spleen felt like a mass under the ribs on the left side.
Pain in the abdomen felt on the right side near the shoulder blade.
Swelling of the abdomen caused by fluid build up.
Itching of the skin
Yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice)
Some other symptoms can be fever swelling of the veins on your stomach which can be seen through the skin also bruising and bleeding of the abdomen.
To maintain a healthy Liver.
Cut down on alcohol intake.
If obese lose weight
Eat a balanced diet
The liver is a very important organ of the body it cleanses the blood for us to maintain a good healthy liver, we need to take the necessary action.
We need to eat healthy cut-out alcohol and cut down on the intake of red meat quit smoking and all unhealthy habits. The dash diet is known for its benefits to our health
Exercise is also very important for our well being and should be done at least 30 min. per day. I have left a link to Silver Sneakers for some exercise I do hope you enjoy them.