Hepatitis A is a communicable disease of the liver caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV). It is usually transmitted person-to-person through poor hygiene practices of not the washing of hands after using the bathroom and because of this the disease usually goes through the fecal-oral route or consumption of contaminated food or water.
Hepatitis A disease that does not result in chronic infection. Most adults with hepatitis A have symptoms, including fatigue, low appetite, stomach pain, nausea, and jaundice, light-colored stool dark urine unexplained weight loss that usually resolve within 2 months of infection; most children less than 6 years of age do not have symptoms or have an unrecognized infection.
We will be looking at diseases of the liver, which is the largest organ in the body. The liver’s function is to clean or filter the blood from the digestive tract before distributing it to the rest of the body. The liver also detoxifies chemicals and metabolizes drugs. As it does so, the liver secretes bile back into the intestines.
The liver is shaped like a dark red cone, weighs about 3 lbs, and is located on the right side of the bode near the stomach. underneath the rib cage, The liver has many functions
We will be looking at lung disease that affects the blood vessels. The right side of the heart receives low-oxygen blood from the veins. It pumps blood into the lungs through the pulmonary arteries. These blood vessels can suffer from disease as well.
Pulmonary embolism, otherwise called deep vein thrombosis, is a blockage in one of the pulmonary arteries in the lungs
The interstitium is the microscopically thin, delicate lining between the lungs’ air sacs (alveoli). Tiny blood vessels run through the interstitium and allow gas exchange between the alveoli and the blood. Various lung diseases affect the interstitium:
Interstitial lung disease is a collection of different lung conditions affecting the interstitium. They are:-
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
Pneumonia and pulmonary edemas can also affect the interstitium
The lungs are an essential respiratory organ located on either side of the heart. Their main function is to transport oxygen from the atmosphere into the bloodstream and release carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.
The body’s cells need oxygen to work and grow. So we must keep our lungs healthy.
The body has a natural defense system designed to protect the lungs. This works very well most of the time, keeping out dirt and fighting off germs.
However, several harmful substances can damage the airways and threaten the lungs’ ability to work properly, leading to lung disease.