Function and Diseases of the Nervous System——Maintaining good health

Disease and function of the nervous system

The nervous system is very important to the body it is divided in two parts the central nervous system which consist of the brain and the spinal cord and the peripheral nervous system which is made up of nerves fibers that branches off from the spinal cord and goes to all the other parts of the body, include all the internal organs muscles, legs, neck arms and torso.

The nervous system uses electrical and chemical means to help all parts of the body to communicate with each other. The nervous system receives messages or what is known as sensory impulses from the sensory organs ( which is the eyes, skin, ear, nose, and tongue) through sensory nerve fibers, this information is then analyzes and interprets the information is then carried to muscles and glands which act on these impulses and cause the body to react. We could not function without our central nervous system.

The nervous system includes the brain, the spinal cord, the nerves and all the sensory neurons in the body.

The Nervous system is what makes us human. It allows us to feel, think, act, live, love taste see and control our emotions

Sensing and acting

The sensory neurons gather input information such as temperature, body position, pain, light, hunger itch and anything that affect the five senses. This information is then transmitted through the nerves to the brain where the information is interpreted. This processing means interpreting what to do with the information. When the brain decide what action should be taken a signal is sent through the nerves to generate action such as contraction of a muscle when your hand touches a hot surface.

Control of all bodily processes

The nervous system not only control sensing and acting, but it also controls all processes in the body. It stimulates the involuntary movement of muscles such as the beating of the heart and controls the bowels. It can stimulate tissues to produce hormones and enzymes

Movement and emotion

The nervous system allows you to move your body by voluntary control of the muscles. The brain which is part of the nervous system, is of course extremely important in generating emotions, allowing you to enjoy, love, be angry and sad. The brain enables learning, memorizing, thinking, dreaming, control of behavior and many more.

Peripheral nervous system

The cranial nerves consist of 12 pairs of nerves that pass through small holes at the base of the skull. These nerves carry information and connecting the brain to different parts of the body.

Olfactory Nerve

The olfactory nerve is the shortest pair of cranial nerve and it is the sensory that transmits olfactory (smell) from the nose to the brain.

Optic Nerve

The optic pair of nerves is responsible for conducting visual stimuli from the eye to the brain. It takes the information of the photoreceptors( a receptor that is sensitive to light) to the brain, where later it will be integrated and interpreted. It emerges in the diencephalon.(function)

Oculomotor Nerve

This pair of nerves controls the movement of the eyes and is also responsible for the size of the pupil and it originates in the midbrain.

Trochlear Nerve

The Trochlear (The nerve that controls the superior oblique muscle of the eye, one of the muscles that move the eye (extraocular muscles). This nerve has a motor and somatic functions that are connected to the superior oblique muscle of the eye, being able to make the eyeballs move and rotate. Its nucleus also originates in the mesencephalon (midbrain) as well as the oculomotor nerve.

Trigeminal Nerve

This pair of nerves is the largest of the cranial nerves and its function is to carry sensitive information to the face, to convey information for the chewing process. The sensory fibers convey sensations of touch, it control (sensitive, sensory and motor), The sensory fibers convey sensations of touch, pain, and temperature from the front of the head including the mouth and also from the meninges.( The three membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord)

What is the nervous system?


It is also known as the external ocular motor cranial nerves It is a cranial motor pair, responsible for transmitting the motor stimuli to the external rectus muscle of the eye and therefore allowing the eye to move to the opposite side from where we have the nose.

Facial or Intermediate

This pair of cranial nerves consists of several nerve fibers that perform different functions, it allows the facial muscles create facial expressions and also send signals to the salivary and lachrymal (tear) glands., it also collects taste information through the tongue.

vestibulocochlear Nerve

This sensory cranial nerve is known as the auditory and vestibular nerve, forming the vestibulocochlear. Which is responsible for balance and orientation in space and auditory function.

Glossopharyngeal Nerve

This nerve collects information from the taste buds (tongue) and sensory information from the pharynx. It gives orders to the salivary gland and various neck muscles that help with swallowing. This nerve also monitors blood pressure.

Vagus Nerve

This nerve is also known as pneumogastric. It comes from the medulla oblongata( the continuation of the spinal cord within the skull, forming the lowest part of the brain stem and containing control centers for the heart and lungs).and supplies nerves to the pharynx, esophagus, larynx, trachea, bronchi, heart, stomach and liver., it controls the action of swallowing and also in sending and transmitting signals to our autonomous system, to help and regulate activation and control stress levels.

Accessory Nerve

This nerve is called the spinal nerve. It is a motor nerve. It governs movements of the head and shoulders by supplying the sternocleidomastoid ( neck muscle) and trapezius muscles in the (anterior and posterior) regions of the neck(used to tilt and turn the head and neck, shrug, steady the shoulders, and twist the arms). The spinal nerve also allows us to throw our heads back.


This pair of nerves is a motor nerve and is involved in swallowing and speech.

The nervous system organizes, explains, and directs interactions between you and the world around you it is a complex, highly specialized network it affects every aspect of our bodily functions and as you can imagine there is also a great amount of disease that can affect this complex system I will list them and then we will look at the most common ones.

Parkinson disease

Parkinson disease is not curable but if caught early medication can be given that can slow down the damage of the cells. Parkinson disease is a progressive disease that affects movement, speech and also causes tremors, especially in the hands.

People may also have stiffness in their limbs and joints and because of this, they move slower than usual. The muscles of the affected person also become much weaker and this may cause their posture may assume a stooping position.

The symptoms of Parkinson disease can be managed by medications and therapy.

Multiple sclerosis

At the moment there is no cure for multiple sclerosis but research is ongoing and hopefully, there will be a cure found soon.  Multiple sclerosis is often a disabling disease of the central nervous system There are many symptoms associated with ms they range from numbness and tingling to blindness and paralysis.

The progress, severity, and specific symptoms of MS in any one person cannot as yet be predicted, but advances in research and treatment are continuing.

The typical symptoms of MS

The severity of the disease cannot be predicted and varies from person to person one person may have a vision problem and another may have attention and memory issues. At times some symptom could disappear completely and the person regains lost functions and in another case, the person could have partial or complete paralysis. MS usually affects persons between the ages of 20-50 and affects women more than men at a 2-1 average.

What causes these symptoms?

Ms occurs when the nerve fibers become damaged due to inflammation and break down of the protective insulation surrounding the nerve fibers of the CNS. The fibers are In a whitish insulating sheath which is made up of a mixture of proteins and phospholipids forming around many nerve fibers this sheath is called Myelin, The nerve fibers themselves are also damaged. and the Myelin is destroyed and replaced by scars of hardened patches of tissue. these harden lesions are called plaques and appear in many places within the central nervous system.

The average lifespan of an MS patient

A person with MS may live an average of about seven years less than the general population. however disease complications or other medical conditions like heart condition and stroke which can contribute to life expectancy being shortened. With care and attention to overall health and wellness the reduction of these risk will be lessened There are rare cases of MS that progress rapidly from disease onset and can be fatal

Some information for this post is from the National MS Society

ALS amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

ALS, or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, is a progressive disease that affects nerve cells in the brain and the spinal cord the word amyotrophic comes from the Greek word which means no muscle nourishment or wastes away. This lack of nourishment to the nerve cells that signal and control the muscles causes the area to degenerates and this leads to scarring or hardening (“sclerosis”) in the region

The eventual loss of the motor neurons due to a progressive degeneration in ALS eventually leads to their death. When the motor neurons die, the brain no longer has the ability to initiate and control muscle movement and any voluntary muscle action is progressively affected, people may lose the ability to speak, eat, move and breathe.

The motor nerves that are affected when you have ALS is the motor neurons that provide voluntary movements and muscle control.

There is no cure or treatments that stop or reverse the effects of ALS and persons usually die 3 ½ years after being diagnosed

Some Information for this post is from the ALS Association.

Here is a link for some easy exercise and stretches for us boomers.

Thank you for reading this post should you have a question or a comment please leave it in the space provided at the end of this post, and please remember to like and share thank you.

Baby Boomers Health Concerns—–Maintaining Good Health

Boomers Health and Wellness

Baby Boomers the age group of 50-72 is considered a “sandwich generation” who juggle caring for children and parents who are living longer, but despite the stressful situation they seem to be more motivated to live a healthy and productive and rewarding life, filled with opportunities previous generations didn’t have.

Baby boomers are ready to take life head on and whatever comes with it, joys, along with the tasks. And in order to do that they recognize the need to pursue a healthy lifestyle.

Boomers main concerns are improved health, they want to lead an active life as many of them want to play an active role in the life of their grandchildren not only to see them occasionally but be able to play with them or going to the park or on walks without getting out of breath.

Many baby boomers out of the need of necessity have to work because of one reason or the other don’t have the pension plans or retirement savings of their parents’ generation. This results in working well into later years.

In a world where older folks are mingling with younger people, at the workplace or socially   boomers desire to appear younger which makes fitting in easier,

Focusing on superficial cosmetic  should not be the only area of focus  for the boomers but they should focus on  things like positive aging is the exercise

It is a noted fact that With just 30 to 40 minutes of exercise on most days of the week, you have the power to turn back the clock against age-related issues. Here are several top benefits:

  • Lower blood pressure
  • Decrease blood sugar levels
  • Improve bone density
  • Improve strength
  • Enhance memory and cognitive functioning
  • Decrease risk for depression
  • Cut risk in half of the mobility limitations due to aging (according to research published in the Journal of the American Geriatric Society)

Some boomers are under the impression that  exercise would mean they would have to work out like they were preparing for an athletic event,

Today, fitness is more than weightlifting, jogging, or preparing for sports. It’s recognized as an essential means to a healthy life—regardless of age, gender, athletic ability, or body type.

Keeping fit in today’s world is not just for the overweight and varsity jocks, But, It’s for those such as the 29.8 percent who reported doctor-diagnosed arthritis (according to 2010 CDC data), who can become more functional through exercise.

Many boomers don’t know where to start, especially if they are coming from a sedentary lifestyle. Some are struggling with aches and pains common to aging, as well as the increased risk of health hazards like heart disease, high blood pressure, and obesity.

It would be best as with most things affecting our health is to get your physician advice, and if it is ok, then find a gym with professional trainers and that will give you expert advice.

You can review the personal trainer biographies on the Center’s Website. Many of these trainers specialize in senior and functional training to improve daily activities.

And if your one of those who does not like exercising in public then you can search YouTube there are a lot of exercise videos for boomers they are not hard and they are very effective.

Healthy Diet

To keep healthy is not only exercising but diet is also very important  we must also consider out diet keep away from sugar as much as possible increase your intake of fresh fruit and vegetables lean protein   cut back on red meat salt sugar and fat

A good diet to follow is the DASH diet. The DASH ( Dietary approach to stop hypertension) was formulated to stop high blood pressure but it was found out to be very good in helping to stop or prevent a number of other diseases that often occurs as we get older.

Take Care of Yourself

The best advice is to take your life and aging into your own hands.  Be proactive. Before any of these issues crop up…or even if they already have…start the offensive.  Eat better, drink a lot of water, avoid unhealthy habits, change your unhealthy habits, work out, exercise, meditate, take vitamins and supplements.

All of these can make a huge difference in your life going forward.


There are so many questions about how to deal with growing old.  The boomers today are healthier and better educated than any previous generation

Today’s generation of boomers look and feel much younger than their parents did at the same age. But of all the questions that are more urgent to be answered is health and wellness, because, without health and wellness, all of the other concerns are meaningless.

Once we have passed the age of 50 some of us are dealing with one or more of these diseases:  heart disease, cancer, arthritis, cataracts, dementia, Alzheimer’s, hearing loss, strokes, liver and/or kidney failure, joint pain, back pain, migraines. dentures.

This generation outliving all previous generations, and because of this, it is opening us up for many medical issues that no generation ever faced. And this is why it is so important for us to take care of ourselves.

At all times be proactive to take all the necessary steps to keep healthy stop unhealthy habits like smoking or too much alcohol or anything that would cause a negative on your health

And remember the disease that usually affects us as we get older are heart disease, obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure, or osteoporosis,  and research has shown being physically fit into your senior years will keep you healthier and active longer

I have left a link for some easy exercise from Silver Sneakers try and do these at least 3 times per week and it will do you good, as a boomer myself I can attest to that.

Fix Your Pain: Hips

Strong, pain-free hips are key to staying mobile and independent longer. Strengthen your hips with these exercises.

Posted by SilverSneakers on Tuesday, July 10, 2018

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The benefits of and side effects Turmeric


Turmeric-: Spice

In this post, I would like to take a closer look at turmeric I have dealt with  the benefits of spices

for maintaining  good health in a previous post

I am very interested in this particular spice as I had chronic knee pain I had to be taking 500mg  of naproxen as needed up to 3 times per day.

I am now to taking 1 tablet two or three times per week and to further cause me to be more interested  in turmeric my son also developed bad knee pain and received some injections in his knees and some medication but found no relief so I gave him my turmeric tablets 3 per day and the pain got less severe until it has completely stopped.

In my research I found that turmeric has a lot of health benefits for everyone, It is a plant from the ginger family and is  grown mostly in India and Asia and some other countries like Jamaica and Haiti it is ranked as a spice and in India, it is not only used in cooking but is also used as a dye.and was used by the ancient East Indians as medicine.

Curcumin is the main active ingredient in turmeric. It has powerful anti-inflammatory effects and is a very strong antioxidant.

The curcumin content of turmeric is not that high. Studies of this spice have shown that using turmeric extracts that contain mostly curcumin would be very difficult to reach the levels needed for health benefits by just using the turmeric spice in your foods.

Therefore, if you want to experience the full effects, you need to take a supplement that contains significant amounts of curcumin.

Curcumin is poorly absorbed into the bloodstream. It helps to consume black pepper with it, which contains piperine, a natural substance that enhances the absorption of curcumin.

The best curcumin supplements contain piperine, substantially increasing their effectiveness.

Curcumin is also fat soluble, so it may be a good idea to take it with a fatty meal.

Curcumin Is a Natural Anti-Inflammatory Compound

As I was going through some information on Turmeric I found some information written by Kris Gunnars, BSc for Health line and I have shared some of them here.

Although Inflammation is incredibly important as It helps your body fight foreign invaders and also has a role in repairing the damage.

Without inflammation, pathogens like bacteria could easily take over your body and kill you so acute, short-term inflammation is beneficial, but it can become a major problem when it becomes chronic and inappropriately attacks your body’s own tissues.

Scientific studies now show that chronic, low-level inflammation plays a major role in almost every chronic, Western disease. This includes heart disease, cancer, metabolic syndrome, Alzheimer’s and various degenerative conditions

Therefore, anything that can help fight chronic inflammation is of potential importance in preventing and even treating these diseases.

Curcumin is strongly anti-inflammatory. In fact, it’s so powerful that it matches the effectiveness of some anti-inflammatory drugs, without the side effects

It also blocks the molecule that travels into the nuclei of your cells and turns on genes related to inflammation. NF-kB  molecule is believed to play a major role in many chronic diseases

Curcumin is a potent antioxidant that not only neutralizes free radicals but also boosts the activity of your body’s own antioxidant enzymes

Depression and Alzheimer’s

Curcumin also helps with brain disorders like depressions and Alzheimer’s as it  can increase the protein known as BDNF and this action may cause the delaying effect or even reversing  many brain disease

Heart Disease

Curcumin may also help decreases the causes of heart disease by improving the lining of the blood vessels which is called endothelium.

Any dysfunction of the endothelial is one of the major drivers of heart disease as it involves the inability to regulate your blood pressure.


There are also some studies that suggest that curcumin is beneficial in the treatment of cancerous growth by killing some of these cells or reducing the size of these growths,

There is a lot of good to be derived from taking turmeric and it is suggested that taking about 500 milligrams of curcuminoids a day is a good wellness dose for keeping inflammation away and promoting gut health

As with all medication it is best to stick to the prescribed dose although turmeric does not usually cause significant side effects; however, some people can experience stomach upset, nausea, dizziness, or diarrhea.

It has been reported that person who took very high amounts of turmeric, over 1500 mg twice daily, experienced a dangerous abnormal heart rhythm It is unclear if turmeric was the actual cause of this side effect. I would, therefore, suggest avoid taking excessively large doses of turmeric.

Special Precautions & Warnings:

Consult your doctor before taking turmeric or any other non prescribed medication during Pregnancy and breast-feeding: turmeric is LIKELY SAFE when taken by mouth in amounts commonly found in food. However, turmeric is LIKELY UNSAFE when taken by mouth in medicinal amounts during pregnancy

There is a possibility that it might promote a menstrual period or stimulate the uterus, putting the pregnancy at risk.

Keep away from medicinal amounts of turmeric if you are pregnant. There is insufficient information to rate the safety of medicinal amounts of turmeric during breastfeeding. It is best not to use it.

Gallbladder problems:.

Do not use turmeric if you have gallstones or a bile duct obstruction. As turmeric can make gallbladder problems worse

Bleeding problems:

Because turmeric can slow blood clotting it is best not to take turmeric as this can increase the risk of bruising and bleeding in people with bleeding disorders.


Curcumin, a chemical in turmeric, might decrease blood sugar in people with diabetes. So be sure to monitor your blood sugar levels as it might make blood sugar too low.

A stomach disorder called gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD): Turmeric can cause stomach upset in some people. It might make stomach problems such as GERD worse. Do not take turmeric if it worsens symptoms of GERD.

Turmeric contains a chemical called curcumin, which might act like the hormone estrogen. And might make hormone-sensitive conditions like breast cancer, uterine cancer, ovarian cancer, endometriosis, or uterine fibroids worse.

Some research shows that turmeric can reduce the effects of estrogen in some hormone-sensitive cancer cells. Therefore, turmeric might have beneficial effects on hormone-sensitive conditions. Until more is known, use cautiously if you have a condition that might be made worse by exposure to hormones.


Turmeric might lower testosterone levels and decrease sperm movement when taken by mouth by men. This might reduce fertility. Turmeric should be used cautiously by people trying to have a baby.

Iron deficiency:

Turmeric should be used with caution with those who suffer from iron deficiency, Turmeric taken in high doses might prevent the absorption of iron.

Turmeric can also slow blood clotting.and can cause extra bleeding during and after surgery.

One should stop using turmeric at least 2 weeks before a scheduled surgery.


Turmeric and especially its most active compound curcumin have many scientifically-proven health benefits, such as the potential to prevent heart disease, Alzheimer’s and cancer.

It’s a potent anti-inflammatory and antioxidant and may also help improve symptoms of depression and arthritis.

It’s recommended to find a product with BioPerine (the trademarked name for piperine), which is the substance that enhances curcumin absorption by 2,000%.

Without this substance, most of the curcumin just passes through your digestive tract.

Mild Cognitive Impairment vs Alzheimer–Maintaining Good Health

Anyone who is over the age of 65 years old should pay careful attention to your brain health. As we age there will be many unwanted problems with the functioning of our brain, especially when it comes to your memory and cognitive function.

Baby Boomers like myself,  have to fear the possibility of us developing dementia or Alzheimer, according to studies done 75% of us will.

The term baby boomer typically defines anyone who was born from 1946-64. Many will spend their retirements suffering from Alzheimer’s or taking care of someone who has it,

And this possibility extends to every one of us, regardless of race, wealth, education – the chances of developing brain issues like dementia are greater when you get to be over 65-70 years old.

Dementia and mild cognitive impairment are both common issues of aging. For those of us who have not to experience these symptoms, there is a possibility that there are subtle changes in their brain.

There are no known ways for preventing age-related cognitive decline. So what we need to do is determine the factors leading to this condition which are diet, exercise, and genetics.

Unless someone finds a cure, 10 million American baby boomers will develop the illness.

In older people, the most common cause of dementia is Alzheimer’s disease. An incurable disease, it slowly impairs your memory and thinking skills and, eventually, the ability to care for yourself.

Researchers are investigating a variety of complementary health approaches, as well as diets, for preventing or slowing the progression of dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease.

It’s estimated that about 20 percent of people over the age of 70 have some symptoms of mild cognitive impairment ( MCI.)

Generally, as people age, they are more likely to develop MCI as well as Alzheimer’s disease.

Before the serious  Alzheimer’s disease develops there is usually a period of MCI   this period is often considered to be an actual early stage of Alzheimer’s, although not everyone with MCI will develop Alzheimer’s.

Others consider it to be an actual early stage of Alzheimer’s, although not everyone with MCI will develop Alzheimer’s.

The definition of an MCI allows for problems in cognitive areas, such as reasoning and judgment. However, a person had to continue functioning quite well in daily life; if activities of daily living were impacted, the diagnosis would likely be, the early stages of Alzheimer’s disease or dementia.

Causes of MCI

The cause of MCI is unknown. It does have similar risk factors as Alzheimer’s, such as age, education level, and certain brain and certain health diseases like diabetes heart disease or stroke.

Progression of MCI

Despite the fact that People with MCI are at a higher risk of progressing to Alzheimer’s disease; not everyone does.

Some studies have found  that after a diagnosis of MCI, 40 percent of people diagnosed  had their cognitive abilities returned to normal for a time, although the chances of them developing Alzheimer’s within a 5-year time frame  were greater than those who had not been diagnosed with MCI

How MCI Differs From Alzheimer’s

Alzheimer’s is a disease in which memory and functioning continue to significantly decline over time.

MCI refers to minor impairments in  the thought processes and memory

Because the symptoms of, MCI and the early onset of Alzheimer’s are similar, MCI is sometimes identified as the early stages of Alzheimer’s.

Studies have shown changes in the brains of people with MCI that are similar to those that are present in Alzheimer’s. However, not all persons who are diagnosed with MCI continue to decline or show other symptoms of dementia, this definition seems unlikely.

MCI vs. Normal Memory Changes

As people age, it’s normal for them to experience some occasional memory gaps, such as not being able to remember, where they left their glasses or, car keys or remember someone’s name  that they haven’t seen for some time

A periodic delay in being able to access memories is also typical as we age.

What is not normal, however, is if there is a problem in the area of language, good judgment and problem-solving or when the memory loss is more than just occasional.  these concerns move people toward an MCI diagnosis,

Those of us who are experiencing normal age-related memory changes have less of a chance of developing Alzheimer’s disease than those already diagnosed with MCI.


There is no known medication approved for treatment of MCI at this time.

What is recommended is usually what is recommended for overall good health that is healthy diet physical activity brain activity and social interaction.

Should any one of us see any of these symptoms in ourselves please speak to your doctor, while it may be normal to be worried, it is very important to have an evaluation done.

As a Boomer, myself I know having an Alzheimer’s diagnosis is something that I fear and because of this, I am constantly worried should I forget something that I think I should have remembered.

It should also be remembered that an early diagnosis with treatment can slow the progression of the disease.


As we age it is very important that we take time to look after ourselves especially if we are caregivers to others is very important to take some time for self-care. You cannot be effective if you have nothing to give. You cannot pour into others when you are empty. You know when you are running low. Don’t be afraid to ask for help so you can have some time for yourself and recharge. Take care of yourself. You only have one life to live

I have left a link for some easy exercise from Silver Sneakers I do hope you like them

Today’s Challenge: Embrace N.E.A.T.

Non-exercise activity thermogenesis (N.E.A.T.) may be the key to a healthy, active, long life. Here’s how to make it part of today—and every day.

Posted by SilverSneakers on Wednesday, November 28, 2018

There is also a link to my facebook page where you will find some health tips Ruthlyn’s Store@ruthlynsstore

Thank you for taking the time to read this post it is greatly appreciated and please stop by again.

Should you have a question or comment please leave it in the space provided and I will reply

NOTE:  This post includes affiliate links, which, if clicked on and a product purchased, I get a small commission (with no increase in cost to you).

Signs and Symptoms of Osteoarthritis–Maintaining good health


OA or osteoarthritis is also called degenerative disease of the joints affect the joints of over 27 million Americans This chronic condition of the joints is found to commonly affects the joints in the knees but can affect any joint in the body like the lower back and neck, small joints of the fingers and the bases of the thumb and big toe.

The joints are covered by cartilage a firm rubbery material which provides a cushion between the bones and allows for a smooth surface to facilitate easy joint movement.



It has been found that can be genetic, persons born with certain traits can make them more likely to develop OA. One such possibility is a rare defect in the body’s ability to produce collagen, the protein that makes up cartilage. Without sufficient collagen can cause osteoarthritis to occur as early as age 20.

How the bones fit together so that cartilage wears away faster than usual is another inherited defect that can cause the early onset of OA.

The gene called FAAH, previously linked to increased pain sensitivity, is found to be higher in people with knee OA than in people who don’t have the disease.


Being overweight is also another cause of OA the extra weight  puts additional pressure on hips and knees. And carrying around  extra pounds for a long time can cause the cartilage that cushions joints to break down faster.

Research has shown there is a definite  link between being overweight and having an increased risk of osteoarthritis

Injury and overuse:

Repetitive movements or injuries to joints can have an adverse effect on the joints Athletes sometimes repeatedly damage joints, tendons, and ligaments, which can speed cartilage breakdown.

There are certain careers that can cause the cartilage to wear and tear away faster these would include any profession that requires standing for long periods of time, repetitive bending, heavy lifting or other movements.

Also, imbalance or weakness of the muscles supporting a joint can also lead to altered movement and eventual cartilage breakdown in joints.

.As the OA disease becomes worse over time, bones may break down and develop growths called spurs.

Bits of bone or cartilage may chip off and float around in the joint.causing an inflammatory process whereby and proteins and enzymes develop that further damage the cartilage.

The final stage of OA, the cartilage wears away and bone rubs against bone leading to joint damage and more pain.

There is no known cure for osteoarthritis but there are some things we can do to minimize the pain improve joint movement.

 Physical Activity

Even though the thought of physical activity may be the last thing on our minds due to the pain when our joints are moving yet it is one of the most beneficial ways to manage OA. As the saying goes use it or lose it, that makes it more important to get moving.

Studies show that simple activities like walking around the neighborhood or on a treadmill or even taking a fun, easy exercise class can reduce pain and help maintain a healthy weight.

Strengthening exercises build muscles around OA-affected joints, easing the burden on those joints and reducing pain.

Range-of-motion exercise is moving your joints in a different direction and this helps to maintain and improve joint flexibility and reduce stiffness. Aerobic exercise like cycling helps to improve stamina and energy levels and also help to reduce excess weight. It is best to talk to a doctor before starting an exercise program.

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services recommends that everyone, including those with arthritis, get 150 minutes of moderate exercise per week.

Weight Management

Being obese adds additional stress to weight-bearing joints, such as the hips, knees, feet, and back. Losing weight can significantly help people with OA reduce pain and limit the further joint damage. for losing weight is to Eating fewer calories and increase physical activity is the basic way of losing weight.


Slow, gentle stretching of joints may improve flexibility, lessen stiffness and reduce pain.

Pain and Anti-inflammatory Medications

There are different kinds of medications that can help in the relieving of pain in OA patients some can be bought over the counter and there are others that have to be prescribed and or administered by your doctor. They include:

  • Analgesics. called tramadol. They are available over-the-counter or by prescription.
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).  includes aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen, and celecoxib they are the most commonly used drugs for inflammation and pain. They are available over-the-counter or by prescription.
  • Corticosteroids. Corticosteroids is steroid hormones that are produced in the adrenal cortex of vertebrates, or man-made.
  • Corticosteroids are powerful anti-inflammatory medicines. They are taken by mouth or injected directly into a joint at a doctor’s office.
  • Hyaluronic acid. Hyaluronic acid occurs naturally in joint fluid and acts as a shock absorber and lubricant. It is also made by bacteria in a lab.
  • However, in people with OA, the acid appears to break down and an injection of synthetic hyaluronic acid is given to the patient. The injections are done in a doctor’s office.

Physical and Occupational Therapy

There are also many ways and  things that Physical and occupational therapists can educate you on, like  the different method you can use to manage your pain including:

  • Ways to properly use joints
  • Heat and cold therapies
  • The range of motion and flexibility exercises
  • Assistive devices

Assistive Devices

Fortunately, there are many devices that can help with our function and mobility. These include items, such as scooters, canes, walkers, splints, shoe orthotics or helpful tools, such as jar openers, long-handled shoe horns or steering wheel grips. Many of these devices can be found at pharmacies and medical supply stores. But some items, such as custom knee braces and shoe wedges are prescribed by a doctor and are typically fitted by a physical or occupational therapist.

Natural and Alternative Therapies

Many people with OA use natural or alternative therapies to address symptoms and improve their overall well-being. These include nutritional supplements, acupuncture or acupressure, massage, relaxation techniques, and hydrotherapy, among others.


Joint surgery can repair or replace severely damaged joints, especially hips or knees. A doctor will refer an eligible patient to an orthopedic surgeon to perform the procedure. I think this should be the last option after trying everything else but as usual, your doctor is the best person to advise you.

Positive Attitude

And remember to think and stay positive, many studies have shown that a positive outlook can boost the immune system and increase a person’s ability to handle pain.


In conclusion being diagnosed with osteoarthritis is not the end of the world , yes its painful and yes it can sometimes limit your mobility but we (I say we because I also have been diagnosed with OA) and I can say as a fact-light exercises and stretches is the best medicine for OA there are also natural supplements that I have taken which has helped me that is  Tumeric Curcumin but remember before adding any form of supplement to your diet it is best to consult your Doctor.

Thank you for taking the time to read my post it is greatly appreciated and should you have a question or comment please leave it in the space provided at the bottom of this page and I will get back you ASAP

NOTE:  This post includes affiliate links, which, if clicked on and a product purchased, I get a small commission (with no increase in cost to you).

I have left a link to an easy exercise video from Silver Sneakers hope you


Lateral Step with Band

This fantastic exercise improves hip mobility, which keeps them healthy, strong, and pain-free!#SilverSneakersEOD

Posted by SilverSneakers on Monday, November 19, 2018



Aging with Diabetes—Maintaining Good Health

Diabetes disease can affect anyone from any walk of life. However, there are certain groups that are much more susceptible to getting the disease than others.

We are looking at some of the factors that can cause you to be of a  higher risk of developing diabetes. It is a known fact that having extra weight on your body can be the precipitating factor to getting diabetes. Some medical experts believe that having a body that is obese is an indicator of diabetes.

Having a lot of extra weight around the midsection (stomach or waist) is even more of an indication that someone is at risk for the disease. A sedentary lifestyle can also be another problematic issue that can lead to one becoming a diabetic. Aging can be another predisposing factor, starting from age 45 although people over 65 are at an increased risk. If type 2 diabetes runs in your family, there is a strong possibility that diabetic problems could be an issue in your future if you don’t lead a healthy lifestyle.

Also if you had gestational diabetes during pregnancy, that could put you at future risk for developing type 2 diabetes. There are also certain ethnic groups that are at a higher risk of developing diabetes  They include people of African descents, Native Americans, Asian and Latinos.

Having high cholesterol levels and high blood pressure can also predispose you to be at risk for developing type 2 diabetes. As with most major medical condition, you can do a lot to prevent it by leading a healthy lifestyle which includes a healthy diet and regular exercise.

 Some symptoms that come with the diabetes disease

They include Excessive: thirst One of the first symptoms of diabetes is often excessive thirst that seems unable to quench.

Hunger: You are still hungry all the time even after you have eaten.

Frequent urination: Frequent urination is often noticed because you must wake up repeatedly during the night.

Fatigue: Tiredness and fatigue, possibly severe enough to make you fall asleep unexpectedly after meals, is one of the most common symptoms of diabetes.

Sudden weight loss Rapid and/or sudden weight loss (any dramatic change in weight is a sign to visit a doctor) Get tested if you are concerned.

If diabetes is diagnosed when those symptoms first start appearing, other more serious symptoms of advanced diabetes can often be prevented or have their onset significantly delayed through diet, exercise, and proper blood sugar management.

Other  less recognizable symptoms of diabetes Often the ‘minor’ diabetes symptoms are:

Blurry vision: Blurred vision may occur because diabetes can lead to macular degeneration and eventual blindness.

Numbness: Numbness and/or tingling in the hands and feet may occur due to peripheral neuropathy, one of the diabetes symptoms, causes nerve damage in the extremities) Slow-healing wounds is another telltale  sign

Recurrent yeast infections: Recurrent or hard-to-treat yeast infections in women are another sign of impaired immune function. Dry skin: Dry or itchy skin may result from peripheral neuropathy which affects circulation and proper sweat gland function. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms of a regular basis, or you recognize these symptoms in a child or relative, they may be signs of untreated diabetes.

 What happens during aging

As we age, we become aware of the visible signs of aging like our gray hairs and wrinkles, but as we age there are changes throughout the entire body. Our l metabolic rate for example — the amount of energy the body expends at rest — declines with age. It is estimated, our basal metabolism drops by 2% per decade starting as young as age 20. Some researchers believe that this decline is due almost solely to the loss of muscle mass that comes with age.

The body’s ability to process oxygen also declines with age. By some estimates, a person’s ability to process oxygen declines by 60-70% by age 65 (although the decline appears to be less in older people who exercise regularly). Poor lung function, heart function, and blood circulation is among the leading factors that are caused by aging

Aging also causes the body to gradually become less adept at taking up and using glucose from the bloodstream, this condition is known as glucose intolerance, which is the first stage of pre-diabetes and if not checked will become type 2 diabetes.

When a person is very obese the body fat interferes with the muscle ability to use insulin this condition is known as insulin intolerance the body tissues become less and less sensitive to insulin.

The aging process also causes the  mineral content of bones to decline this  process weakens the bones making them more brittle

This condition may also be related to poor nutrition, deficient calcium absorption, inactivity, and, in women, hormonal changes after menopause.

Osteoporosis is caused by brittle or abnormally porous bones and is often the cause of fractures, which can be devastating for older people.

Aging is also of the cause of the cartilage around joints tends to break down and wear away over time, causing pain, swelling, and loss of motion of the joints.

It is a noted fact, that about half of people age 65 or older have x-ray evidence of osteoarthritis in at least one joint.

In the United States, where people tend to eat too much of the wrong foods and exercise too little, blood pressure tends to rise with age. Poor diet, inactivity, weight gain, and a slower metabolic rate all set the stage for circulatory problems and cardiovascular disease.

Meanwhile, visual ability also diminishes. There is difficulty seeing things up close and adjusting to changes in the level of light.

The hearing may become affected as well, the ability to hear sounds in the upper frequencies or to hear distinct sounds when there is a lot of background noise may diminish.

The sense of taste may be affected as well. and certain cognitive abilities, such as spatial ability, reasoning, complex problem solving, and working memory, all tend to decline somewhat with age.

Aging causes the body cells, tissues, and blood vessels become stiff and dysfunctional but with diabetes, the process is accelerated and contribute to diabetes complications, including cardiovascular disease, eye nerve, and kidney disease.

How aging may affect diabetes control

Aging can make diabetes more difficult to control. Not only is the insulin resistance increases and glucose tolerance decreases but the attention and being able to focus on the daily task of keeping healthy like managing our blood sugar and blood pressure levels planning healthy meals as well.

Because many elderly people take multiple drugs, some of which may directly cause hypoglycemia, and some of which may interact with diabetes drugs to cause hypoglycemia.

And with the declining in age a lot of other medical problems may be present such as liver and kidney function and a lack of appetite all this is likely to impede the function of any diabetic medication as well as there may be other medication that is being taken that will work against the diabetic medication

It is therefore important to be under a doctor’s supervision and to constantly monitored by a doctor, The doctor must be made aware of all medication whether it is prescribed or over the counter as one medication can work against another.


Counteracting the effects of aging — and diabetes

While there is no magic to keep us young, there are a number of steps you can take to counteract some of the debilitating effects of aging — and diabetes. Here are some of those steps:

Pay attention to your numbers

One important measure for ensuring health in later years is controlling blood glucose levels,  and blood pressure this will help in slowing down the effects of aging.

Stay physically active

It is important as we age we remain active as much as possible. Inactivity will cause a decrease in muscle mass, slower metabolism and decrease flexibility

Aerobic exercise, can be very beneficial if done for at least 30 minutes per day and these include running, cycling, swimming, and walking, these have shown to help lower blood glucose levels in people with diabetes. Further, over time it increases stamina, aids in weight loss, and helps decrease the risk of cardiovascular disease these can be done in moderation.

Strength training also has numerous benefits as well. It not only helps in reducing a person’s cardiovascular risk by lowering blood pressure, aiding in weight control, and improving cholesterol levels. But by building muscle mass, strength training may also stave off the decline in energy expenditure that led to Type 2 diabetes in the first place.

Even more than aerobic exercise, strength training can increase bone density and help stave off osteoporosis. bone density decreases with age, and one in four women in the United States eventually develops osteoporosis.

Strength training is one means of slowing the disease of osteoporosis. Resistance training may not be able to reverse arthritis, but the stronger the muscles, tendons, and ligaments around a joint are, the less stress, friction, and pain there will be

Exercise can give people a sense of well-being, and it may help alleviate the depression that sometimes accompanies aging and diabetes.

Seeing improvements in the strength of arms and legs and also making everyday activities easier, whether it’s carrying groceries, climbing stairs, or getting in and out of the bathtub improve their sense of well being.

Eat Healthily

Eating a healthy diet is beneficial to everyone but as a diabetic, it is best to eat foods carbohydrates from fruit, vegetables, whole grains, beans, and low-fat or nonfat milk. Choose healthy carbohydrates, such as fruit, vegetables, whole grains, beans, and low-fat milk, fish, skinless chicken and turkey fish, and eggs as part of your diabetes meal plan.

Get A good night rest

Another key to maintaining your vitality throughout life is getting a good night’s sleep. Inadequate sleep not only can lead to feeling listless and unfocused, but it can directly affect your physical health. Studies have shown that sleep deprivation can lead to insulin resistance, which can make diabetes more difficult to control and may even raise the risk of heart disease.

Mind your medicines

Take all your medications prescribed by your physician and it is best to make your doctor know if the medication is causing you some negative effect, and get regular checkups

Stay physically and mentally active

stay physically active join a gym or ride a bike or walk in the park or a treadmill dancing is a very good exercise and be mentally active join a reading club start a blog  do puzzles or find a hobby just find something to keep your mind active


Aging is inevitable there is no fountain of youth — there is nothing you can do to turn back the clock. However, you do have some control over how you will spend your twilight years. By doing everything you can to take care of your body and mind, you can help stave off some of the debilitating illnesses associated with age and live a full, meaningful, and energetic and independent life.

Thank you for stopping by and reading my post  I really do appreciate it hope you found it helpful and informative, and should you have a comment or question please leave it in the place provided at the bottom of this post and I will respond.

I would really appreciate you liking and sharing this post.

I have also left a link for some easy from silver sneakers I hope you enjoy them.

Yoga for Beginners: Lunge

You never want to lose the strength to climb stairs. The lunge can help with that!

Posted by SilverSneakers on Wednesday, November 14, 2018

NOTE:  This post includes affiliate links, which, if clicked on and a product purchased, I get a small commission (with no increase in cost to you).

Health And Wellness for Boomers—Maintaining Good Health

Active Aging Process

Emotions are feelings that are seen through the lens by which people view the world, and it enables one to be aware of and the ability to direct one’s feelings, this helps to create a  balance in life.

Coping with challenges and behaving in a trustworthy and respectful manner is a sign of emotional wellness, these attributes can be encouraged through peer counseling, stress management, humor, and personal histories.


There are many ways to stay intellectually active, this can be accomplished by challenging oneself with any activity that stimulates the brain including blogging, taking college courses, journaling, painting or joining a theater company, and with games and puzzles.

Engaging in intellectually is a proven way in keeping minds alert and interested.


Living independently until our death is a goal that is shared by many people, and physical wellness is necessary to achieve this.

The vast majority of the of the older generation prefers to continue living in their homes for as long as possible. According to by a study was done by AARP about  90 percent of adults over 65 want to remain in their current homes as they grow older.

The choices we make can help to maintain or improve health and functional ability and this includes engaging in physical activity, choosing a healthy diet with adequate nutrition, getting the adequate amount of sleep, maintaining healthy stress levels, limiting alcohol intake, not smoking, making and keeping appointments for check-ups and following medical recommendations.

As we grow older, we need to put more time, effort and energy in activities meant to help us stay in shape.

Wellness programs for seniors should be focused on several issues that affect the older population, such as reduced flexibility, loss of balance, strength loss, brain health, post-rehab, and arthritis.

Aside from helping the elderly spend their time in an enjoyable manner and work on their social skills, such programs can also minimize the impact that certain age-related health concerns may have on the lives of the elderly.

Dancing, senior circuits, chair yoga, Pilates and aquatics programs are only a few amazingly relaxing activities that seniors could get involved in. Each activity may help participants unlock multiple benefits.

For instance, low-impact dancing can improve balance and strength; at the same time, Pilates classes are the main component of a fun, body-conditioning ritual designed to build muscle strength, improve flexibility, and enhance endurance in the back, hips, and legs.


It is important for keeping and maintaining good health that healthy eating habits are maintained but  Older patients may develop poor eating habits for many reasons. These can range from a decreased sense of smell and taste to teeth problems or depression. Older people may also have difficulty getting to a supermarket or standing long enough to cook a meal. And, although energy needs may decrease with age, the need for certain vitamins and minerals, including calcium, vitamin D, and vitamins B6 and B12, increases after age 50.

Professional or vocational

Any work that utilizes a person’s skills while providing personal satisfaction is valuable for society as well as the individual.

Being a part of the paid and unpaid workforce means maintaining or improving skills, and helping others. Older adults can contribute to society as experienced professionals, caregiver, mentors, teachers, and volunteers. One can also partake in leisure-time vocations in the arts and through hobbies maintain vocational skills.


The social interactions with family, friends, neighbors, and peers can be valuable for maintaining health.

Personal contact is beneficial for everyone who is touched, and by joining clubs, traveling, visiting friends and family, engaging in family tradition experiences like making quilts with elementary school children is very rewarding and will help in our quest for social wellness.

For many older adults, aging in a community in which they are familiar allows them to continue to live their lives as they have for decades., many older adults have a preference in maintaining connections to their communities and their friends, with whom they may lose contact should they relocate.

Remaining in their familiar communities allows them to continue their social interactions as part of their daily lives.

Since having an active social life is found to be beneficial to older adults in preventing dementia, it is therefore very important to maintain community connections and important friendships as this can contribute to better health and higher quality of life.


Living with a meaning and purpose driven life that is guided by personal values, is key to feelings of well-being and connection to the larger world.

Group and individual faith-based activities, personal meditation, mindful exercise like listing to uplifting and positive songs and experiencing nature can open create the opportunity for spiritual growth.


The quality and accessibility of the environment in which an older person lives can have a significant bearing on how active they are in society. Generally, the more accessible and age-friendly an environment is, the more active older people may be.

It is also important that people surround ourselves with conditions, object and circumstances that are will influence their surrounding community positively and this will, in the end, help them to enjoy living.


Wellness does not only mean healthy bodies but a healthy mind body and inner peace (soul)

The meaning of wellness is the state of being in good health, especially as an actively pursued goal.

Maintaining a high level of wellness is very crucial in having a higher quality of life. Wellness matters. everything we do and every emotion we feel relates to our well-being.

In turn, our well-being affects our every actions and emotion. It is therefore very important for everyone to achieve optimal wellness in order to overcome stress and reduce the risk of illness.

Being able to understand your feelings and coping with stress is important when dealing with emotional stress. It is important in these times to pay attention to self-care, relaxation, stress reduction and the development of inner peace.

Another source of stress that can affect our well being is our financial wellness this involves the process of learning how to successfully manage financial expenses.

Finances play a vital role in our lives and not having enough money impacts health as well as our ability to  perform our daily task

Financial stress is repeatedly found to be a common source of stress, anxiety, and fear for most individuals.

It is important to maintain a healthy body this includes seeking care when needed. Physical health is attained through exercise, eating well, getting enough sleep and paying attention to the signs of illness and getting help when needed and all this relates to physical wellness

.Spiritual wellness is very important it allows you to develop a set of values that help you seek meaning and purpose. and knowing what you need to cope with issues that confront us in everyday life.

The goal is not only to live longer but to live healthier, happier and stronger n mind body and spirit.

Thank you so much for visiting my post, I do hope you found it helpful I have left a link to some easy exercise by Silver Sneakers hope you enjoy then

NOTE:  This post includes affiliate links, which, if clicked on and a product purchased, I get a small commission (with no increase in cost to you).

Common Autoimmune Diseases —-Maintaining Good Health

The role of the immune system  to protect against disease or other potentially damaging foreign bodies

. When the immune system is functioning properly, it identifies a variety of threats, including viruses, bacteria, and parasites, and distinguishes them from the body’s own healthy tissue, an autoimmune is an illness that occurs when the body tissues are attacked by its own immune system.

The major components of the immune system include:

Lymph nodes: Small, bean-shaped structures that produce and store cells that fight infection and disease and are part of the lymphatic system — which consists of bone marrow, spleen, thymus and lymph nodes The Lymph also carries white blood cells, which are responsible for protecting the body against viruses and bacteria and may also trap cancer cells. Lymph nodes are located throughout the body but the largest groupings are found in the neck, armpits, and groin areas.,


The Spleen which is the largest lymphatic organ in the body, and is situated on your left side, under your ribs above your stomach, contains white blood cells that fight infection or disease. the spleen also controls the amount of blood in the body and disposes of old and damaged blood cells.

Bone marrow:

Bone Marrow is a soft fatty substance in the cavities of bones, in which blood cells are produced. This spongy tissue inside some bones, such as the hip and thigh bones, contains immature cells, called stem cells,


Lymphocytes are small white blood cells that play a large role in defending the body against disease. The two types of lymphocytes are B-cells and T cells,  the B cells make antibodies that attack bacteria and toxins, and the T-cells, help to destroy infected or cancerous cells. There are two groups of T-cells a subgroup of T-cells that kill cells that are infected with viruses and other pathogens or are otherwise damaged. Helper T-cells help determine which immune responses the body makes to a particular pathogen.


The thymus is a  small organ where T-cells mature. This organ  is situated beneath the breastbone (and is shaped like a thyme leaf,)it can trigger or maintain the production of antibodies that can result in muscle weakness,


Leukocytes are the disease-fighting white blood cells that identify and eliminate pathogens and are the second arm of the innate immune system.

A high white blood cell count is not related to a specific disease, but it can indicate other problems, such as infection, stress, inflammation, trauma, allergy, or certain diseases.

Diseases of the immune system

Disorders of the immune system can result in autoimmune diseases, inflammatory diseases, and cancer,

Immunodeficiency occurs when the immune system is not as strong as normal, resulting in recurring and life-threatening infections,

In humans, immunodeficiency is either through a genetic disease such as severe combined immunodeficiency,  an acquired condition such as HIV/AIDS, or through the use of immunosuppressive medication.

Autoimmunity results from a hyperactive immune system attacking normal tissues as if they were foreign bodies, Common autoimmune diseases include Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes mellitus type 1 and systemic lupus erythematosus.

What causes the immune system misfire is not yet known. But it has been noted that some people are more likely to get an autoimmune disease than others.

For example, women get autoimmune diseases at a rate of about 2 to 1 compared to men — 6.4 percent of women vs. 2.7 percent of men. The disease usually starts during a woman’s childbearing years.

Some autoimmune diseases are more common in certain ethnic groups. For example, lupus affects more persons from African-descent and Hispanics more than Caucasians.

Certain autoimmune diseases, like multiple sclerosis and lupus, are genetic,   family members inherit a susceptibility to an autoimmune condition. But not every family member will necessarily have the same disease

The incidence of autoimmune diseases is on the increase and researchers suspect environmental factors like infections and exposures to chemicals solvents could also be involved.

Eating high-fat, high-sugar and highly processed foods are suspected but not yet proven as it is linked to inflammation, which can set off an immune response.

There is also another theory which is called the hygiene hypothesis. It is thought because of vaccines and antiseptics, children today are not exposed to as many germs as they were in the past, and this lack of exposure could make their immune system overreact to harmless substances

14 common autoimmune diseases

There are a lot of different autoimmune diseases but this is a list  14 of the most common ones.

1. Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes, is caused by the immune system attacking and destroying insulin-producing cells in the pancreas it is the pancreas that produces the hormone insulin, which helps regulate blood sugar levels.

2. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)

RA happens when the immune system attacks the joints. This causes redness, warmth, soreness, and stiffness in the joints. This disease can affect people as early as in their 30s

3. Psoriasis/psoriatic arthritis

Psoriasis occurs when the skin cells multiply too quickly and do not allow for the normal growth and shedding of the skin cells and The extra cells build up and form red, scaly patches called scales or plaques on the skin.

4. Multiple sclerosis/MS

MS damages the protective coating that surrounds nerve cells. Called the myelin sheath and this affects the transmission messages between the brain and body.

This damage often leads to symptoms like numbness, weakness, balance issues, and results in trouble walking. There are several forms of this disease and they progress at different rates.

5. Systemic lupus erythematosus (lupus)

Lupus affects many organs, including the joints, kidneys, brain, and heart.

Joint pain, fatigue, and rashes are among the most common symptoms.

6. Inflammatory bowel disease IBD

IBD is a term used to describe inflammation in the lining of the intestines.there are 2  different types of IBD and Each type of IBD affects a different part of the GI tract.

  1. Crohn’s disease which can cause any part of the GI tract to become inflamed from the mouth to the anus.
  2. Ulcerative colitis which affects the lining of the large intestine and the rectum.

7. Addison’s disease

This disease affects the adrenal glands, which produce the hormones cortisol and aldosterone. The body uses these two hormones store and uses carbohydrates and sugar and having  too little of these hormones can affect the body

Symptoms include weakness, fatigue, weight loss, and low blood sugar.

8. Graves’ disease

Thyroid hormones control the body’s energy usage or metabolism. and  Graves disease attacks the thyroid gland in the neck, causing it to produce too much of its hormones.

Having too many hormones increases the body’s activities, causing symptoms like nervousness, a fast heartbeat, heat intolerance, and weight loss.

The most common symptom of this disease is bulging eyes, It affects about 50 percent of people with Graves’ disease

9. Sjögren’s syndrome

This condition attacks the joints and the glands that provide lubrication to the eyes and mouth. The symptoms of the disease are joint pain, dry eyes, and dry mouth.

10. Hashimoto’s thyroiditis

This disease slows the thyroid hormone production. And symptoms of the disease include weight gain, sensitivity to cold, fatigue, hair loss, and swelling of the thyroid

11. Myasthenia gravis

This disease cause impairment of the nerves that help the brain control the muscles. When these nerves are impaired, signals cannot direct the muscles to move.

The most common symptom is the muscles that control swallowing and facial movements are often involved. The muscle gets weak worsen with activity and usually improves with rest.

12. Vasculitis

Vasculitis causes inflammation in the veins this results in the narrowing of the arteries and veins, allowing less blood to flow through them.

13. Pernicious anemia

Without vitamin B-12, the body can’t make enough red blood cells. and this disease affects the protein intrinsic factor that helps the intestines absorbs vitamin B-12 from foods This disease is usually found in adults over the age of 60

14. Celiac disease

This disease affects about 1 percent of persons in the USA and if affect the intestines when gluten is consumed. Being gluten sensitive is not an autoimmune disease but they both have similar symptoms eg. diarrhea and abdominal pain


There is no known cure for the autoimmune disease but it is said that a healthy lifestyle healthy diet and some exercise will lessen the effects of the symptoms. And of course, you must take any and all medication prescribed by your physician.

And should there be a problem with any of the medication like side effects please speak to your doctor remember you are your best advocate you know how you are feeling and if you do not tell your, doctors, the will not know

Thank you for reading my post, I do hope you found it helpful and informative Please stop by again and should you have a question or comment please leave it in the space provided at below and I will reply. Please like and share this post , it would be greatly appreciated.

I have left a link to some easy exercise by Silver Sneakers I hope you enjoy them

Fix Your Pain: Shoulders

So long, shoulder pain!

Posted by SilverSneakers on Wednesday, October 3, 2018

NOTE:  This post includes affiliate links, which, if clicked on and a product purchased, I get a small commission (with no increase in cost to you).

Living with Coronary Heart Disease–Maintaining Good Health

Coronary Heart Disease

When plaque builds up,  it narrows the coronary arteries that supply the heart with oxygen and nutrients this causes the coronary arteries to become diseased.

The plaque is caused by deposits containing cholesterol and this along with inflammation are usually to blame for coronary artery disease.

The decreased blood flow may cause chest pain (angina), shortness of breath, or other coronary artery disease signs and symptoms. A complete blockage can cause a heart attack.

Coronary artery disease often develops over a long time and this may cause the problem to go unnoticed until you have a significant blockage or a heart attack. But there’s plenty you can do to prevent and treat coronary artery disease. A healthy lifestyle can have  a big impact on heart health


  • Development of atherosclerosis       (plaques of fatty material on their inner walls)

Damage or injury to the inner layer of a coronary artery can start the process  of Coronary artery disease, The damage may be caused by various factors, including:

  • Smoking
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Diabetes or insulin resistance
  • Sedentary lifestyle

Plaque is made of cholesterol and other cellular waste products that accumulate at the site of an injury to a blood vessel in a process called atherosclerosis. If the surface of the plaque breaks or ruptures, blood cells called platelets (the functions of these platelets is to react to bleeding from blood vessels so they will clump at the site to try to repair the artery.) This clump can block the artery, leading to a heart attack.

Risk factors

There are many things that make one at risk these include:

Ones age getting older increases your risk of damaged and narrowed arteries.

  • Gender. Men are usually at greater risk of coronary artery disease. women’s risk increases after menopause.
  • Family history. If a close relative developed heart disease at an early age. Your risk is highest if your father or a brother was diagnosed with heart disease before age 55 or if your mother or a sister developed it before age 65.
  • Smoking. People who smoke have an increased risk of heart disease, and exposing others to secondhand smoke also increases their risk of coronary artery disease.
  • High blood pressure. Uncontrolled high blood pressure can result in hardening and thickening of your arteries and this causes the narrowing of the channel through which blood can flow.
  • High blood cholesterol levels. High levels of cholesterol in the blood can increase the risk of formation of plaque, (made up of fatty material on their inner walls also known as atherosclerosis). High cholesterol can be caused by a high level of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, known as the “bad” cholesterol. A low level of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, known as the “good” cholesterol, can also contribute to the development of atherosclerosis.
  • Diabetes. Diabetes is also associated with a high risk of coronary artery disease. Type 2 diabetes and coronary artery disease have similar risk factors, such as obesity and high blood pressure being obese increases the chances of coronary heart disease.
  • Physical inactivity. A sedentary lifestyle is also associated with coronary artery disease and some of its risk factors, as well.

High stress. Being in a constant stressful state in one’s life may damage the arteries as well as worsen other risk factors for coronary artery disease.

  • Unhealthy diet. Eating too much food that has high amounts of saturated fat, trans fat, salt, and sugar can increase your risk of coronary artery disease.

Risk factors often occur together and may build on one another, such as obesity leading to type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure. When they occur together, certain risk factors put you at an even greater risk of coronary artery disease. For example, a metabolic syndrome is a group of conditions that include high blood pressure, high triglycerides, low HDL, or “good,” cholesterol, elevated insulin levels and excess body fat around the waist, these conditions increase the risk of coronary artery disease.

There are some other disorders that can cause coronary artery disease that is not apart of the classic risk factors. These are :

Sleep apnea. This disorder causes you to repeatedly stop and start breathing while you’re sleeping. This causes sudden drops in blood oxygen levels, and this increases blood pressure and strains the cardiovascular system, possibly leading to coronary artery disease.

  • High triglycerides. Is a type of fat (lipid) that is found in the blood at high levels and may increase the risk of coronary artery disease, especially in women.
  • Homocysteine. Homocysteine is an amino acid and is important to the body for the use of making protein, and to build and maintain tissue. But high levels of homocysteine may also increase the risk of coronary artery disease.
  • Preeclampsia. This condition that usually develops in women during pregnancy it causes high blood pressure and a higher amount of protein in the urine. This condition can lead to a higher risk of heart disease later in life.
  • Alcohol use. Heavy alcohol use is generally not good for one’s health and can lead to heart muscle damage. It can also worsen other risk factors of coronary artery disease.
  • Autoimmune diseases. Conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus (and other inflammatory rheumatologic conditions) persons who have these conditions have an increased risk of atherosclerosis.


Coronary artery disease can lead to Chest pain (angina), Heart attack. Heart failure. Abnormal heart rhythm (arrhythmia)

The same lifestyle habits that can help treat coronary artery disease can also help prevent it, and other diseases from developing in the first place. Leading a healthy lifestyle can help keep your arteries strong and clear of plaque. To improve your overall health, you should:

  • Quit smoking
  • Control conditions such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and diabetes
  • Stay physically active
  • Eat a low-fat, low-salt diet that’s rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Reduce and manage stress

I would like to introduce to you the DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) diet The DASH diet is shown to reduces the risk of many diseases, including some kinds of cancer, stroke, heart disease, heart failure, kidney stones, and diabetes. It has been proven to be an effective way not only to lose weight but become healthier at the same time.

The diet is made up of

grains and grain products

(include at least 3 whole grain foods each day)



Low fat or non-fat dairy foods

Lean meats, fish, poultry

Nuts, seeds, and legumes

Fats and sweets in very small quantities

For those of us who have a sedentary lifestyle here is a link to some easy exercise from Silver Sneakers hope you enjoy them.

Fix Your Pain: Knees

Most knee pain is caused by muscle imbalances above and below it. Here’s the fix.

Posted by SilverSneakers on Monday, September 24, 2018

Thank you for stopping by, I do hope you found this post informative and helpful please stop by again and should you have a comment or question leave it in the space provided and I will respond.

NOTE:  This post includes affiliate links, which, if clicked on and a product purchased, I get a small commission (with no increase in cost to you).


Common Heart Disease—-Maintaining Good Health


Our heart is a pump. It is a muscular organ about the size of our fist, situated slightly left of center in our chest. our heart is divided into the right and the left side.

The division is very important as it  prevents oxygen-rich blood from mixing with the  oxygen-poor blood that returns to the heart after circulating through our body.

  • The right side of the heart,consist of  the right atrium and ventricle, these collects and pumps blood to the lungs through the pulmonary arteries.
  • The lungs then refreshes  the blood with a new supply of oxygen. The lungs also breathe out the waste product of carbon dioxide
  • Then the richly oxygenated -rich blood enters the left side of the heart, comprising the left atrium and ventricle.
  • The left side of the heart pumps blood through the aorta to supply tissues throughout the body with oxygen and nutrient

There are four valves within our heart they keep our blood moving the right way by opening only one way and only when they need to.

To function properly, the valve must be formed properly, must open all the way and must close tightly so there’s no leakage. The four valves are:

  • Tricuspid
  • Mitral
  • Pulmonary
  • Aortic


A beating heart contracts and relaxes in a continuous cycle.

  • During contraction (systole), your ventricles contract, forcing blood into the vessels to your lungs and body.
  • During relaxation (diastole), the ventricles are filled with blood coming from the upper chambers (left and right atria).

Electrical system

Your heart’s electrical wiring keeps it beating, which controls the continuous exchange of oxygen-rich blood with oxygen-poor blood. This exchange keeps you alive.

There are Various heart disease causes

Development of atherosclerosis Cardiovascular disease can refer to different heart or blood vessel problems, the term is often used to mean damage to your heart or blood vessels by atherosclerosis is a buildup of fatty plaques in your arteries.

The build-up plaque buildup thickens and stiffens artery walls, and this can inhibit blood flow through your arteries to our organs and tissues.

Atherosclerosis is also the most common cause of cardiovascular disease. It can be caused by a lifestyle that if changes are made the problems can be corrected,

Changing an unhealthy diet, for a healthier diet,  lack of exercise,for some exercise for at least 30 min a day, being overweight losing weight and this will be achieved with a healthier diet and exercise  and smoking, quit smoking, this may be hard to do but we can get aid from our healthcare provider

Causes of heart arrhythmia ( This list is taken from Mayo Clinic website)

Common causes of abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias) or conditions that can lead to arrhythmias include:

  • Heart defects you’re born with (congenital heart defects)
  • Coronary artery disease
  • High blood pressure
  • Diabetes
  • Smoking
  • Excessive use of alcohol or caffeine
  • Drug abuse
  • Stress
  • Some over-the-counter medications, prescription medications, dietary supplements, and herbal remedies

In a healthy person with a normal, healthy heart, it’s unlikely for a fatal arrhythmia to develop without some outside trigger, such as an electrical shock or the use of illegal drugs. That’s primarily because a healthy person’s heart is free from any abnormal conditions that cause an arrhythmia, such as an area of scarred tissue.https:

However, in a heart that’s diseased or deformed, the heart’s electrical impulses may not properly start or travel through the heart, making arrhythmias more likely to develop.

Causes of congenital heart defects

Congenital heart defects usually develop while a baby is in the womb. Heart defects can develop as the heart develops, about a month after conception. There are some medical conditions, medications, and genes that can play a role in causing heart defects.

Congenital heart defects usually become evident soon after birth.  And the symptoms include:

  • Pale gray or blue skin color (cyanosis)
  • Swelling in the legs, abdomen or areas around the eyes
  • In an infant, shortness of breath during feedings, leading to poor weight gain

The less serious congenital heart defects are often not diagnosed until later in childhood or during adulthood. Signs and symptoms of the not life-threatening congenital heart defects are

Easily getting short of breath during exercise or activity

  • Easily tiring during exercise or activity
  • Swelling in the hands, ankles or feet

Heart defects can also be age-related. As we age, our heart’s structure can change, causing a heart defect.

Heart disease symptoms caused by weak heart muscle (dilated cardiomyopathy)

There may be no signs or symptoms in the early onset of  dilated cardiomyopathy disease but as the disease progress and condition worsens symptoms may occur and may include:

  • Breathlessness with exertion or at rest
  • Swelling of the legs, ankles, and feet
  • Fatigue
  • Irregular heartbeats that feel rapid, pounding or fluttering
  • Dizziness, lightheadedness, and fainting

This heart disease can be inherited as well as some other diseases and, conditions or abused substances can cause this disease. some of the diseases that can contribute to the weakening of the heart muscles are -Coronary heart disease, heart attack, high blood pressure, diabetes, thyroid disease, viral hepatitis, and HIV.

Heart disease symptoms caused by heart infections ( list taken from Mayo Clinic web site)

Endocarditis is an infection that affects the inner membrane that separates the chambers and valves of the heart (endocardium). Heart infection symptoms can include:


Shortness of breath

  • Weakness or fatigue
  • Swelling in your legs or abdomen
  • Changes in your heart rhythm
  • A dry or a persistent cough
  • Skin rashes or unusual spots

Endocarditis is a rare disease that involves inflammation of the lining of the heart muscles, and heart valves.

It is also known as infective endocarditis (IE), bacterial endocarditis (BE), infectious endocarditis, and fungal endocarditis.

The infection is normally caused by streptococcal or staphylococcal bacteria. Rarely, it can be caused by fungi or other infectious micro-organisms.

It is twice as common in men as in women and about 25 percent of adults  60 and above are affected.

The practicing of good hygiene can help in preventing infections and bacteria.

Heart disease symptoms caused by valvular heart disease

The heart has four valves — the aortic, mitral, pulmonary and tricuspid valves — that open and close to direct blood flow through your heart. Valves may be damaged by a variety of conditions leading to narrowing (stenosis), leaking (regurgitation or insufficiency) or improper closing (prolapse).

Depending on which valve isn’t working properly, valvular heart disease symptoms generally include:

  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of breath
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Swollen feet or ankles
  • Chest pain
  • Fainting (syncope)

Heart valve disease occurs when your heart’s valves do not work the way they should   In some cases the cause of heart valve disease is unknown but heart valve disease can develop before birth (congenital) or can be acquired sometime during one’s lifetime.

Risk factors for developing heart disease include: List taken from Mayo clinic website

  • Age. Aging increases your risk of damaged and narrowed arteries and weakened or thickened heart muscle.
  • Sex. Men are generally at greater risk of heart disease. However, women’s risk increases after menopause.
  • Family history. A family history of heart disease increases your risk of coronary artery disease, especially if a parent developed it at an early age (before age 55 for a male relative, such as your brother or father, and 65 for a female relative, such as your mother or sister).
  • Smoking. Nicotine constricts your blood vessels, and carbon monoxide can damage their inner lining, making them more susceptible to atherosclerosis. Heart attacks are more common in smokers than in nonsmokers.
  • Certain chemotherapy drugs and radiation therapy for cancer. Some chemotherapy drugs and radiation therapies may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease.
  • Poor diet. A diet that’s high in fat, salt, sugar and cholesterol can contribute to the development of heart disease.
  • High blood pressure. Uncontrolled high blood pressure can result in hardening and thickening of your arteries, narrowing the vessels through which blood flows.
  • High blood cholesterol levels. High levels of cholesterol in your blood can increase the risk of formation of plaques and atherosclerosis.
  • Diabetes. Diabetes increases your risk of heart disease. Both conditions share similar risk factors, such as obesity and high blood pressure.
  • Obesity. Excess weight typically worsens other risk factors.
  • Physical inactivity. Lack of exercise also is associated with many forms of heart disease and some of its other risk factors, as well.
  • Stress. Unrelieved stress may damage your arteries and worsen other risk factors for heart disease.
  • Poor hygiene. Not regularly washing your hands and not establishing other habits that can help prevent viral or bacterial infections can put you at risk of heart infections, especially if you already have an underlying heart condition. Poor dental health also may contribute to heart disease.


Complications of heart disease include:

  • Heart failure. One of the most common complications of heart disease, heart failure occurs when your heart can’t pump enough blood to meet your body’s needs. Heart failure can result from many forms of heart disease, including heart defects, cardiovascular disease, valvular heart disease, heart infections or cardiomyopathy.
  • Heart attack. A blood clot blocking the blood flow through a blood vessel that feeds the heart causes a heart attack, possibly damaging or destroying a part of the heart muscle. Atherosclerosis can cause a heart attack.
  • Stroke. The risk factors that lead to cardiovascular disease also can lead to an ischemic stroke, which happens when the arteries to your brain are narrowed or blocked so that too little blood reaches your brain. A stroke is a medical emergency — brain tissue begins to die within just a few minutes of a stroke.
  • Aneurysm. A serious complication that can occur anywhere in your body, an aneurysm is a bulge in the wall of your artery. If an aneurysm bursts, you may face life-threatening internal bleeding.

Peripheral artery disease.

    • . When you develop peripheral artery disease, your extremities — usually your legs — don’t receive enough blood flow. This causes symptoms, most notably leg pain when walking (claudication).
    • Sudden cardiac arrest. A sudden cardiac arrest is the sudden, unexpected loss of heart function, breathing and consciousness, often caused by an arrhythmia. A sudden cardiac arrest is a medical emergency. If not treated immediately, it is fatal, resulting in sudden cardiac death.


    Certain types of heart disease, such as heart defects, can not be prevented. However, we can help prevent many other types of heart disease by making the same lifestyle changes that can improve our heart and overall health.such as:-

    • Quit smoking
    • Control other health conditions, such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and diabetes
    • Exercise at least 30 minutes a day on most days of the week
    • Eat a diet that’s low in salt and saturated fat
    • Maintain a healthy weight
    • Reduce and manage stress
    • Practice good hygiene


    Like all disease heart disease is easier to treat when detected early, so if we should speak to our health care provider if we have any concerns regarding your heart health or health in general. If there is concern about developing heart disease then have a talk with the doctor and advice will be given about steps that can be taken to reduce the risk of heart disease. This is especially important if there a history of family heart disease

    Thank you so much for reading my blog. I do hope you have found this post helpful and informative please leave your questions, comments in the space provided and I will get back to you. and please drop by again

    I have shared a link to some easy exercises from silver sneakers. hope you like them

    Beginner's Guide: Fitness Ball

    A fitness ball trains your body and brain. Here's how to integrate it into your workout.

    Posted by SilverSneakers on Tuesday, September 11, 2018

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    Living with Kidney Disease—- Knowing all Your Options

    Diagnosed with A Chronic Disease

    Being diagnosed with a chronic disease can make one feel as if our life has been turned upside down-and-out of control. But, acquiring the right knowledge is really powerful

    We worry when we are in the dark as to what to expect, and sometimes what we think can be far worse than what really happens.

    It is, therefore, best to learn everything we can about the disease by learning we feel more in control of our life and our health again

    The treatment we get can affect every area of our lives, so while we can live well with kidney failure it will not be by accident but by a conscious effort on our part.

    There are things that we have to give special attention like:-

    • What and how much you can eat and drink
    • How well you sleep
    • Your energy level
    • Your job
    • Travel
    • Your sex life
    • How long you may live

    Treatment for kidney failure is not only medical but it is also about what our life will be like from one day to the next because each day can be different
    It is very important that we think about what we would want our life to look like, and know the options we have and choose based on our priorities and values and the things we would want to be able to do.

    There are three main types of treatment if our kidneys fail, and some have more than one option. You have choices.

    Treatments for kidney failure

    There are two known treatments for kidney failure and they are kidney transplantation and dialysis. Two different types of dialysis can be done – hemodialysis and kidney dialysis there are two type of dialysis the hemodialysis and the peritoneal dialysis.

    Kidney Transplantation.

    • Kidney Transplant is done by placing a healthy kidney into the body. The kidney can come from someone who has died or from a living donor.

    Usually, the new kidney will function immediately. But because there is a risk our bodies will reject the new kidneys we will still need special medicines to prevent this from happening.

    And should rejection occurs, dialysis is needed and consideration for a second transplant can be made.

    It must be remembered that a kidney transplant is a treatment, not a cure and having a Kidney transplant still means we have chronic kidney disease, and we may still need some other medicines we took before the transplant.

    • Hemodialysis (HD).

    Hemodialysis is a method by which wastes and extra fluid is removed from the blood. It can be done at home (“home hemodialysis”) or in a dialysis center.

    During the process of hemodialysis, a small amount of blood is pumped through soft tubes to a dialysis machine where it goes through a special filter called a dialyzer (also called an artificial kidney). As your blood is filtered, it is returned to our bloodstream.

    It should be remembered that only a small amount of blood is out of our body at any time and because of this, the in-center treatment time is 3-5 hours, 3 times a week.

    But those of us who do home hemodialysis have more flexibility about how often it can be done, and if done daily, treatment time would be 1½ to 2 hours.

    In order for Hemodialysis to be done access will be needed into the bloodstream for placing needles.

    Fistula type of access

    The fistula access is the recommended choice A minor surgery will be needed to create a fistula. It is made by joining an artery to a nearby vein under the skin to make a bigger blood vessel. This type of access is preferred because it has fewer problems and lasts longer.

    Graft access

    If your blood vessels are not suitable for a fistula, then a grafting method may be used. This involves joining an artery and a nearby vein with a small, soft tube made of synthetic material. The graft is entirely beneath the skin. and will require a minor surgery to create a graft.

    The Catheter Access.

    The catheter is the third form of access it is inserted into a large vein in the neck or chest. The ends of the tubes sit on your skin outside of our body. This type of access is generally used when you need dialysis for a short period, the fistula or graft method cannot be used. Catheters are used as a permanent access

    Peritoneal Dialysis (PD).

    Peritoneal dialysis is a home-based treatment that can be done anywhere (at home, work, or when sleeping).and must be done daily a minor surgery will be needed to place a catheter in the abdomen (belly).

    With peritoneal dialysis, the blood is cleaned inside our body, not outside. The lining of our abdomen (the peritoneum) acts as a natural filter. During treatment, a cleansing solution, called dialysate, flows into our abdomen (belly) through a soft tube called a PD catheter.

    Wastes and extra fluid pass from the blood into the cleansing solution. After several hours, the used solution is drained from the abdomen and refill with a fresh cleaning solution which usually takes about 30 minutes to begin the process again. “

    Some changes can be made in Treatments for Kidney Failure

    It may be possible to change a certain type of dialysis treatment If changing will be comfortable for us we should speak to our healthcare professional about any change we would like. Even if having a kidney transplant is chosen, there may still be a need of dialysis until the transplant with a new kidney is done. It is not uncommon for people who have had kidney failure for many years to have had more than one type of treatment in that time.

    Keep Kidney Disease from Getting Worse

    Taking care of ourselves will help us to live long, fulfilling lives and continue to do the things we love. It can also help to slow or even stop kidney disease from getting worse – and it may even stop or delay kidney failure

    . Good self-management starts with:

    • Controlling other health problems you may have
    • Treating complications of kidney disease
    • Managing or preventing heart disease

    Control Other Health Problems

    You may have other disorders, such as diabetes and high blood pressure, which can damage your kidneys. One of the goals of your treatment is to make sure these are well-controlled. Ask your health care professional what you can do to keep these conditions under control – and do it! Some of the things your healthcare professional may ask you to do:

    • Take prescribed medications
    • Lose weight if you are overweight
    • Cut down on salt in your diet to control blood pressure
    • If you have diabetes, monitor your blood sugar, follow your diet and take your medications as prescribed

    Do What You Can to Manage the Complications of Kidney Disease

    Kidney disease can cause other health problems throughout your body including:

    • Heart and blood vessel problems
    • Anemia (low red blood cell count)
    • Mineral and bone problems
    • High blood pressure
    • Poor nutritional health

    If stage 4 kidney disease is diagnosed then these symptoms are more than likely these problems are being experienced.

    The healthcare professional will work with us to develop a treatment plan to help manage these problems and keep them from getting worse.

    Treatment may include diet, exercise, and medications. It is very important that to follow the treatment plan because it can greatly improve our quality of life and how long we live. It can also help to slow or even stop kidney disease from getting worse – and more importantly, it may even stop or delay kidney failure.

    Manage or Prevent Heart Disease

    Having stage 4 kidney disease increases the risk of having heart disease. It is a known fact, most people with kidney disease do not die of kidney failure – they usually die of heart disease.

    Usually, in addition to kidney disease, they usually have one or more of the following health risks:

    • High blood pressure
    • High blood pressure causes arteries to thicken and narrow, making it easier to form clots, which can lead to a heart attack or stroke. It also causes thickening and enlargement of the heart. The doctor may prescribe medicines to help control your blood pressure. You may also need to reduce salt in your diet.
    • Diabetes,
    • Diabetes especially uncontrolled diabetes leads to more fatty deposits in arteries. These can form a clot, leading to a heart attack or stroke.B e sure to take prescribed medication


    • Anemia
    • Anemia reduces the flow of oxygen throughout your body, which forces your heart to work harder. As a result, your heart begins to thicken and enlarge, which can lead to heart failure or death. If diagnosed with anemia iron supplements should be taken along with any other medication that may be prescribed
    • Abnormal cholesterol

    Abnormal cholesterol causes fatty deposits to form in our arteries, making it easier to form clots which can lead to a heart attack or stroke. Keeping cholesterol at a normal level in important our doctor may have to recommend changes in our diet, along with regular exercise and, possibly, special medications, if our cholesterol is too high.

    • Bone and mineral disease
    • Bone and mineral disease causes arteries to stiffen and narrow from absorbing extra calcium and phosphorus that’s being shed from the bones.
    • This causes a reduction in blood flow to your heart, and this can lead to a heart attack and death. So limit the amount of high-phosphorus foods in your diet, take a type of medication called a phosphate binder with your meals,
    • Smoking
    • Smoking is not good for our bodies as it causes inflammation of the blood vessels, which causes even more buildup of fatty deposits in your arteries. Smoking increases the risk of clots, which can lead to a heart attack or stroke kicking the habit of smoking may not be easy but our doctors can provide a nicotine patch which will greatly reduce the symptoms of withdrawal

    Anemia reduces the flow of oxygen throughout your body, which forces your heart to work harder. As a result, your heart begins to thicken and enlarge, which can lead to heart failure or death. If diagnosed with anemia iron supplements should be taken along with any other medication that may be prescribed


    Doctors recommend a healthy diet for kidney patients consisting of low sodium low phosphorus and calcium and a limited intake of potassium

    A healthy kidney diet is a way of eating that helps protect our kidneys from further damage. Doctors recommend the Dash Diet ( Dietary Approaches to Stop hypertension–( high blood pressure) It’s rich in fruits, veggies, low-fat dairy products, whole grains, fish, poultry, beans, seeds, and nuts. And it is low in salt and sodium, sugars and sweets, fats, and red meats


    In conclusion it is far better to live a healthy lifestyle that will help prevent the Likelihood of having chronic diseases but should we be diagnosed with such a disease we should educate our selves with the all the options available to us choose the one that is most appropriate to our needs, take all the medications prescribed and also know the pros and cons of the medication look at the side effects and if changes can be made be proactive

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