Function and Diseases of the Nervous System——Maintaining good health

The nervous system is very important to the body it is divided in two parts the central nervous system which consist of the brain and the spinal cord and the peripheral nervous system which is made up of nerves fibers that branches off from the spinal cord and goes to all the other parts of the body, include all the internal organs muscles, legs, neck arms and torso.

The nervous system uses electrical and chemical means to help all parts of the body to communicate with each other. The nervous system receives messages or what is known as sensory impulses from the sensory organs ( which is the eyes, skin, ear, nose, and tongue) through sensory nerve fibers, this information is then analyzes and interprets the information is then carried to muscles and glands which act on these impulses and cause the body to react. We could not function without our central nervous system.

The nervous system includes the brain, the spinal cord, the nerves and all the sensory neurons in the body.

The Nervous system is what makes us human. It allows us to feel, think, act, live, love taste see and control our emotions

Sensing and acting

The sensory neurons gather input information such as temperature, body position, pain, light, hunger itch and anything that affect the five senses. This information is then transmitted through the nerves to the brain where the information is interpreted. This processing means interpreting what to do with the information. When the brain decide what action should be taken a signal is sent through the nerves to generate action such as contraction of a muscle when your hand touches a hot surface.

Control of all bodily processes

The nervous system not only control sensing and acting, but it also controls all processes in the body. It stimulates the involuntary movement of muscles such as the beating of the heart and controls the bowels. It can stimulate tissues to produce hormones and enzymes

Movement and emotion

The nervous system allows you to move your body by voluntary control of the muscles. The brain which is part of the nervous system, is of course extremely important in generating emotions, allowing you to enjoy, love, be angry and sad. The brain enables learning, memorizing, thinking, dreaming, control of behavior and many more.

Peripheral nervous system

The cranial nerves consist of 12 pairs of nerves that pass through small holes at the base of the skull. These nerves carry information and connecting the brain to different parts of the body.

Olfactory Nerve

The olfactory nerve is the shortest pair of cranial nerve and it is the sensory that transmits olfactory (smell) from the nose to the brain.

Optic Nerve

The optic pair of nerves is responsible for conducting visual stimuli from the eye to the brain. It takes the information of the photoreceptors( a receptor that is sensitive to light) to the brain, where later it will be integrated and interpreted. It emerges in the diencephalon.(function)

Oculomotor Nerve

This pair of nerves controls the movement of the eyes and is also responsible for the size of the pupil and it originates in the midbrain.

Trochlear Nerve

The Trochlear (The nerve that controls the superior oblique muscle of the eye, one of the muscles that move the eye (extraocular muscles). This nerve has a motor and somatic functions that are connected to the superior oblique muscle of the eye, being able to make the eyeballs move and rotate. Its nucleus also originates in the mesencephalon (midbrain) as well as the oculomotor nerve.

Trigeminal Nerve

This pair of nerves is the largest of the cranial nerves and its function is to carry sensitive information to the face, to convey information for the chewing process. The sensory fibers convey sensations of touch, it control (sensitive, sensory and motor), The sensory fibers convey sensations of touch, pain, and temperature from the front of the head including the mouth and also from the meninges.( The three membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord)

What is the nervous system?

Abducent

It is also known as the external ocular motor cranial nerves It is a cranial motor pair, responsible for transmitting the motor stimuli to the external rectus muscle of the eye and therefore allowing the eye to move to the opposite side from where we have the nose.

Facial or Intermediate

This pair of cranial nerves consists of several nerve fibers that perform different functions, it allows the facial muscles create facial expressions and also send signals to the salivary and lachrymal (tear) glands., it also collects taste information through the tongue.

vestibulocochlear Nerve

This sensory cranial nerve is known as the auditory and vestibular nerve, forming the vestibulocochlear. Which is responsible for balance and orientation in space and auditory function.

Glossopharyngeal Nerve

This nerve collects information from the taste buds (tongue) and sensory information from the pharynx. It gives orders to the salivary gland and various neck muscles that help with swallowing. This nerve also monitors blood pressure.

Vagus Nerve

This nerve is also known as pneumogastric. It comes from the medulla oblongata( the continuation of the spinal cord within the skull, forming the lowest part of the brain stem and containing control centers for the heart and lungs).and supplies nerves to the pharynx, esophagus, larynx, trachea, bronchi, heart, stomach and liver., it controls the action of swallowing and also in sending and transmitting signals to our autonomous system, to help and regulate activation and control stress levels.

Accessory Nerve

This nerve is called the spinal nerve. It is a motor nerve. It governs movements of the head and shoulders by supplying the sternocleidomastoid ( neck muscle) and trapezius muscles in the (anterior and posterior) regions of the neck(used to tilt and turn the head and neck, shrug, steady the shoulders, and twist the arms). The spinal nerve also allows us to throw our heads back.

Hypoglossal

This pair of nerves is a motor nerve and is involved in swallowing and speech.

The nervous system organizes, explains, and directs interactions between you and the world around you it is a complex, highly specialized network it affects every aspect of our bodily functions and as you can imagine there is also a great amount of disease that can affect this complex system I will list them and then we will look at the most common ones.

Parkinson disease

Parkinson disease is not curable but if caught early medication can be given that can slow down the damage of the cells. Parkinson disease is a progressive disease that affects movement, speech and also causes tremors, especially in the hands.

People may also have stiffness in their limbs and joints and because of this, they move slower than usual. The muscles of the affected person also become much weaker and this may cause their posture may assume a stooping position.

The symptoms of Parkinson disease can be managed by medications and therapy.

Multiple sclerosis

At the moment there is no cure for multiple sclerosis but research is ongoing and hopefully, there will be a cure found soon.  Multiple sclerosis is often a disabling disease of the central nervous system There are many symptoms associated with ms they range from numbness and tingling to blindness and paralysis.

The progress, severity, and specific symptoms of MS in any one person cannot as yet be predicted, but advances in research and treatment are continuing.

The typical symptoms of MS

The severity of the disease cannot be predicted and varies from person to person one person may have a vision problem and another may have attention and memory issues. At times some symptom could disappear completely and the person regains lost functions and in another case, the person could have partial or complete paralysis. MS usually affects persons between the ages of 20-50 and affects women more than men at a 2-1 average.

What causes these symptoms?

Ms occurs when the nerve fibers become damaged due to inflammation and break down of the protective insulation surrounding the nerve fibers of the CNS. The fibers are In a whitish insulating sheath which is made up of a mixture of proteins and phospholipids forming around many nerve fibers this sheath is called Myelin, The nerve fibers themselves are also damaged. and the Myelin is destroyed and replaced by scars of hardened patches of tissue. these harden lesions are called plaques and appear in many places within the central nervous system.

The average lifespan of an MS patient

A person with MS may live an average of about seven years less than the general population. however disease complications or other medical conditions like heart condition and stroke which can contribute to life expectancy being shortened. With care and attention to overall health and wellness the reduction of these risk will be lessened There are rare cases of MS that progress rapidly from disease onset and can be fatal

Some information for this post is from the National MS Society

ALS amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

ALS, or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, is a progressive disease that affects nerve cells in the brain and the spinal cord the word amyotrophic comes from the Greek word which means no muscle nourishment or wastes away. This lack of nourishment to the nerve cells that signal and control the muscles causes the area to degenerates and this leads to scarring or hardening (“sclerosis”) in the region

The eventual loss of the motor neurons due to a progressive degeneration in ALS eventually leads to their death. When the motor neurons die, the brain no longer has the ability to initiate and control muscle movement and any voluntary muscle action is progressively affected, people may lose the ability to speak, eat, move and breathe.

The motor nerves that are affected when you have ALS is the motor neurons that provide voluntary movements and muscle control.

There is no cure or treatments that stop or reverse the effects of ALS and persons usually die 3 ½ years after being diagnosed

Some Information for this post is from the ALS Association.

Here is a link for some easy exercise and stretches for us boomers.

http://healthybeautiful.info/health/chair-exercises-help-get-flatter-stomach/

Common Autoimmune Diseases —-Maintaining Good Health

The role of the immune system  to protect against disease or other potentially damaging foreign bodies

. When the immune system is functioning properly, it identifies a variety of threats, including viruses, bacteria, and parasites, and distinguishes them from the body’s own healthy tissue, an autoimmune is an illness that occurs when the body tissues are attacked by its own immune system.

The major components of the immune system include:

Lymph nodes: Small, bean-shaped structures that produce and store cells that fight infection and disease and are part of the lymphatic system — which consists of bone marrow, spleen, thymus and lymph nodes The Lymph also carries white blood cells, which are responsible for protecting the body against viruses and bacteria and may also trap cancer cells. Lymph nodes are located throughout the body but the largest groupings are found in the neck, armpits, and groin areas.,

Spleen:

The Spleen which is the largest lymphatic organ in the body, and is situated on your left side, under your ribs above your stomach, contains white blood cells that fight infection or disease. the spleen also controls the amount of blood in the body and disposes of old and damaged blood cells.

Bone marrow:

Bone Marrow is a soft fatty substance in the cavities of bones, in which blood cells are produced. This spongy tissue inside some bones, such as the hip and thigh bones, contains immature cells, called stem cells,

Lymphocytes:

Lymphocytes are small white blood cells that play a large role in defending the body against disease. The two types of lymphocytes are B-cells and T cells,  the B cells make antibodies that attack bacteria and toxins, and the T-cells, help to destroy infected or cancerous cells. There are two groups of T-cells a subgroup of T-cells that kill cells that are infected with viruses and other pathogens or are otherwise damaged. Helper T-cells help determine which immune responses the body makes to a particular pathogen.

Thymus:

The thymus is a  small organ where T-cells mature. This organ  is situated beneath the breastbone (and is shaped like a thyme leaf,)it can trigger or maintain the production of antibodies that can result in muscle weakness,

Leukocytes:

Leukocytes are the disease-fighting white blood cells that identify and eliminate pathogens and are the second arm of the innate immune system.

A high white blood cell count is not related to a specific disease, but it can indicate other problems, such as infection, stress, inflammation, trauma, allergy, or certain diseases.

Diseases of the immune system

Disorders of the immune system can result in autoimmune diseases, inflammatory diseases, and cancer,

Immunodeficiency occurs when the immune system is not as strong as normal, resulting in recurring and life-threatening infections,

In humans, immunodeficiency is either through a genetic disease such as severe combined immunodeficiency,  an acquired condition such as HIV/AIDS, or through the use of immunosuppressive medication.

Autoimmunity results from a hyperactive immune system attacking normal tissues as if they were foreign bodies, Common autoimmune diseases include Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes mellitus type 1 and systemic lupus erythematosus.

What causes the immune system misfire is not yet known. But it has been noted that some people are more likely to get an autoimmune disease than others.

For example, women get autoimmune diseases at a rate of about 2 to 1 compared to men — 6.4 percent of women vs. 2.7 percent of men. The disease usually starts during a woman’s childbearing years.

Some autoimmune diseases are more common in certain ethnic groups. For example, lupus affects more persons from African-descent and Hispanics more than Caucasians.

Certain autoimmune diseases, like multiple sclerosis and lupus, are genetic,   family members inherit a susceptibility to an autoimmune condition. But not every family member will necessarily have the same disease

The incidence of autoimmune diseases is on the increase and researchers suspect environmental factors like infections and exposures to chemicals solvents could also be involved.

Eating high-fat, high-sugar and highly processed foods are suspected but not yet proven as it is linked to inflammation, which can set off an immune response.

There is also another theory which is called the hygiene hypothesis. It is thought because of vaccines and antiseptics, children today are not exposed to as many germs as they were in the past, and this lack of exposure could make their immune system overreact to harmless substances

14 common autoimmune diseases

There are a lot of different autoimmune diseases but this is a list  14 of the most common ones.

1. Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes, is caused by the immune system attacking and destroying insulin-producing cells in the pancreas it is the pancreas that produces the hormone insulin, which helps regulate blood sugar levels.

2. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)

RA happens when the immune system attacks the joints. This causes redness, warmth, soreness, and stiffness in the joints. This disease can affect people as early as in their 30s

3. Psoriasis/psoriatic arthritis

Psoriasis occurs when the skin cells multiply too quickly and do not allow for the normal growth and shedding of the skin cells and The extra cells build up and form red, scaly patches called scales or plaques on the skin.

4. Multiple sclerosis/MS

MS damages the protective coating that surrounds nerve cells. Called the myelin sheath and this affects the transmission messages between the brain and body.

This damage often leads to symptoms like numbness, weakness, balance issues, and results in trouble walking. There are several forms of this disease and they progress at different rates.

5. Systemic lupus erythematosus (lupus)

Lupus affects many organs, including the joints, kidneys, brain, and heart.

Joint pain, fatigue, and rashes are among the most common symptoms.

6. Inflammatory bowel disease IBD

IBD is a term used to describe inflammation in the lining of the intestines.there are 2  different types of IBD and Each type of IBD affects a different part of the GI tract.

  1. Crohn’s disease which can cause any part of the GI tract to become inflamed from the mouth to the anus.
  2. Ulcerative colitis which affects the lining of the large intestine ant the rectum.

7. Addison’s disease

This disease affects the adrenal glands, which produce the hormones cortisol and aldosterone. The body uses these two hormones store and uses carbohydrates and sugar and having  too little of these hormones can affect the body

Symptoms include weakness, fatigue, weight loss, and low blood sugar.

8. Graves’ disease

Thyroid hormones control the body’s energy usage or metabolism.and  Graves disease attacks the thyroid gland in the neck, causing it to produce too much of its hormones.

Having too many hormones increases the body’s activities, causing symptoms like nervousness, a fast heartbeat, heat intolerance, and weight loss.

The most common symptom of this disease is bulging eyes, It affects about 50 percent of people with Graves’ disease

9. Sjögren’s syndrome

This condition attacks the joints and the glands that provide lubrication to the eyes and mouth. The symptoms of disease are joint pain, dry eyes, and dry mouth.

10. Hashimoto’s thyroiditis

This disease slows the thyroid hormone production. And symptoms of the disease include weight gain, sensitivity to cold, fatigue, hair loss, and swelling of the thyroid

11. Myasthenia gravis

This disease cause impairment of the nerves that help the brain control the muscles. When these nerves are impaired, signals can not  direct the muscles to move.

The most common symptom is muscles that control swallowing and facial movements are often involved. The muscle gets weak worsen with activity and usually improves with rest.

12. Vasculitis

Vasculitis causes inflammation in the veins this results in the  narrowing of the arteries and veins, allowing less blood to flow through them.

13. Pernicious anemia

Without vitamin B-12 , the body can’t make enough red blood cells.and this disease affects the protein intrinsic factor that helps the intestines absorbs vitamin B-12 from foods This disease is usually found in adults over the age of 60

14. Celiac disease

This disease affects about 1 percent of persons in the USA and if affect the intestines when gluten is consumed. Being gluten sensitive is not an autoimmune disease but they both have similar symptoms eg. diarrhea and abdominal pain

Conclusion

There is no known cure for the autoimmune disease but it is said that a healthy lifestyle healthy diet and some exercise will lessen the effects of the symptoms. And of course you must take any and all medication prescribed by your physician.

And should there be a problem with any of the medication like side effects please speak to your doctor remember you are your best advocate you know how you are feeling and if you do not tell your, doctors, the will not know

Thank you for reading my post, I do hope you found it helpful and informative Please stop by again and should you have a question or comment please leave it in the space provided at below and I will reply.

I have left a link to some easy exercise by Silver Sneakers I hope you enjoy them

Fix Your Pain: Shoulders

So long, shoulder pain!

Posted by SilverSneakers on Wednesday, October 3, 2018

NOTE:  This post includes affiliate links, which, if clicked on and a product purchased, I get a small commission (with no increase in cost to you).

Living with Coronary Heart Disease–Maintaining Good Health

Coronary Heart Disease

When plaque builds up,  it narrows the coronary arteries that supply the heart with oxygen and nutrients this causes the coronary arteries to become diseased.

The plaque is caused by deposits containing cholesterol and this along with inflammation are usually to blame for coronary artery disease.

The decreased blood flow may cause chest pain (angina), shortness of breath, or other coronary artery disease signs and symptoms. A complete blockage can cause a heart attack.

Coronary artery disease often develops over a long time and this may cause the problem to go unnoticed until you have a significant blockage or a heart attack. But there’s plenty you can do to prevent and treat coronary artery disease. A healthy lifestyle can have  a big impact on heart health

.

  • Development of atherosclerosis       (plaques of fatty material on their inner walls)

Damage or injury to the inner layer of a coronary artery can start the process  of Coronary artery disease, The damage may be caused by various factors, including:

  • Smoking
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Diabetes or insulin resistance
  • Sedentary lifestyle

Plaque is made of cholesterol and other cellular waste products that accumulate at the site of an injury to a blood vessel in a process called atherosclerosis. If the surface of the plaque breaks or ruptures, blood cells called platelets (the functions of these platelets is to react to bleeding from blood vessels so they will clump at the site to try to repair the artery.) This clump can block the artery, leading to a heart attack.

Risk factors

There are many things that make one at risk these include:

Ones age getting older increases your risk of damaged and narrowed arteries.

  • Gender. Men are usually at greater risk of coronary artery disease. women’s risk increases after menopause.
  • Family history. If a close relative developed heart disease at an early age. Your risk is highest if your father or a brother was diagnosed with heart disease before age 55 or if your mother or a sister developed it before age 65.
  • Smoking. People who smoke have an increased risk of heart disease, and exposing others to secondhand smoke also increases their risk of coronary artery disease.
  • High blood pressure. Uncontrolled high blood pressure can result in hardening and thickening of your arteries and this causes the narrowing of the channel through which blood can flow.
  • High blood cholesterol levels. High levels of cholesterol in the blood can increase the risk of formation of plaque, (made up of fatty material on their inner walls also known as atherosclerosis). High cholesterol can be caused by a high level of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, known as the “bad” cholesterol. A low level of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, known as the “good” cholesterol, can also contribute to the development of atherosclerosis.
  • Diabetes. Diabetes is also associated with a high risk of coronary artery disease. Type 2 diabetes and coronary artery disease have similar risk factors, such as obesity and high blood pressure being obese increases the chances of coronary heart disease.
  • Physical inactivity. A sedentary lifestyle is also associated with coronary artery disease and some of its risk factors, as well.

High stress. Being in a constant stressful state in one’s life may damage the arteries as well as worsen other risk factors for coronary artery disease.

  • Unhealthy diet. Eating too much food that has high amounts of saturated fat, trans fat, salt, and sugar can increase your risk of coronary artery disease.

Risk factors often occur together and may build on one another, such as obesity leading to type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure. When they occur together, certain risk factors put you at an even greater risk of coronary artery disease. For example, a metabolic syndrome is a group of conditions that include high blood pressure, high triglycerides, low HDL, or “good,” cholesterol, elevated insulin levels and excess body fat around the waist, these conditions increase the risk of coronary artery disease.

There are some other disorders that can cause coronary artery disease that is not apart of the classic risk factors. These are :

Sleep apnea. This disorder causes you to repeatedly stop and start breathing while you’re sleeping. This causes sudden drops in blood oxygen levels, and this increases blood pressure and strains the cardiovascular system, possibly leading to coronary artery disease.

  • High triglycerides. Is a type of fat (lipid) that is found in the blood at high levels and may increase the risk of coronary artery disease, especially in women.
  • Homocysteine. Homocysteine is an amino acid and is important to the body for the use of making protein, and to build and maintain tissue. But high levels of homocysteine may also increase the risk of coronary artery disease.
  • Preeclampsia. This condition that usually develops in women during pregnancy it causes high blood pressure and a higher amount of protein in the urine. This condition can lead to a higher risk of heart disease later in life.
  • Alcohol use. Heavy alcohol use is generally not good for one’s health and can lead to heart muscle damage. It can also worsen other risk factors of coronary artery disease.
  • Autoimmune diseases. Conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus (and other inflammatory rheumatologic conditions) persons who have these conditions have an increased risk of atherosclerosis.

Complications

Coronary artery disease can lead to Chest pain (angina), Heart attack. Heart failure. Abnormal heart rhythm (arrhythmia)

The same lifestyle habits that can help treat coronary artery disease can also help prevent it, and other diseases from developing in the first place. Leading a healthy lifestyle can help keep your arteries strong and clear of plaque. To improve your overall health, you should:

  • Quit smoking
  • Control conditions such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and diabetes
  • Stay physically active
  • Eat a low-fat, low-salt diet that’s rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Reduce and manage stress

I would like to introduce to you the DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) diet The DASH diet is shown to reduces the risk of many diseases, including some kinds of cancer, stroke, heart disease, heart failure, kidney stones, and diabetes. It has been proven to be an effective way not only to lose weight but become healthier at the same time.

The diet is made up of

grains and grain products

(include at least 3 whole grain foods each day)

Fruits

Vegetables

Low fat or non-fat dairy foods

Lean meats, fish, poultry

Nuts, seeds, and legumes

Fats and sweets in very small quantities

For those of us who have a sedentary lifestyle here is a link to some easy exercise from Silver Sneakers hope you enjoy them.

Fix Your Pain: Knees

Most knee pain is caused by muscle imbalances above and below it. Here’s the fix.

Posted by SilverSneakers on Monday, September 24, 2018

Thank you for stopping by, I do hope you found this post informative and helpful please stop by again and should you have a comment or question leave it in the space provided and I will respond.

NOTE:  This post includes affiliate links, which, if clicked on and a product purchased, I get a small commission (with no increase in cost to you).

C.

Common Heart Disease—-Maintaining Good Health

THE HEART AND ITS FUNCTIONS

Our heart is a pump. It is a muscular organ about the size of our fist, situated slightly left of center in our chest. our heart is divided into the right and the left side.

The division is very important as it  prevents oxygen-rich blood from mixing with the  oxygen-poor blood that returns to the heart after circulating through our body.

  • The right side of the heart,consist of  the right atrium and ventricle, these collects and pumps blood to the lungs through the pulmonary arteries.
  • The lungs then refreshes  the blood with a new supply of oxygen. The lungs also breathe out the waste product of carbon dioxide
  • Then the richly oxygenated -rich blood enters the left side of the heart, comprising the left atrium and ventricle.
  • The left side of the heart pumps blood through the aorta to supply tissues throughout the body with oxygen and nutrient

There are four valves within our heart they keep our blood moving the right way by opening only one way and only when they need to.

To function properly, the valve must be formed properly, must open all the way and must close tightly so there’s no leakage. The four valves are:

  • Tricuspid
  • Mitral
  • Pulmonary
  • Aortic

Heartbeats

A beating heart contracts and relaxes in a continuous cycle.

  • During contraction (systole), your ventricles contract, forcing blood into the vessels to your lungs and body.
  • During relaxation (diastole), the ventricles are filled with blood coming from the upper chambers (left and right atria).

Electrical system

Your heart’s electrical wiring keeps it beating, which controls the continuous exchange of oxygen-rich blood with oxygen-poor blood. This exchange keeps you alive.

There are Various heart disease causes

Development of atherosclerosis Cardiovascular disease can refer to different heart or blood vessel problems, the term is often used to mean damage to your heart or blood vessels by atherosclerosis is a buildup of fatty plaques in your arteries.

The build-up plaque buildup thickens and stiffens artery walls, and this can inhibit blood flow through your arteries to our organs and tissues.

Atherosclerosis is also the most common cause of cardiovascular disease. It can be caused by a lifestyle that if changes are made the problems can be corrected,

Changing an unhealthy diet, for a healthier diet,  lack of exercise,for some exercise for at least 30 min a day, being overweight losing weight and this will be achieved with a healthier diet and exercise  and smoking, quit smoking, this may be hard to do but we can get aid from our healthcare provider

Causes of heart arrhythmia ( This list is taken from Mayo Clinic website)

Common causes of abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias) or conditions that can lead to arrhythmias include:

  • Heart defects you’re born with (congenital heart defects)
  • Coronary artery disease
  • High blood pressure
  • Diabetes
  • Smoking
  • Excessive use of alcohol or caffeine
  • Drug abuse
  • Stress
  • Some over-the-counter medications, prescription medications, dietary supplements, and herbal remedies

In a healthy person with a normal, healthy heart, it’s unlikely for a fatal arrhythmia to develop without some outside trigger, such as an electrical shock or the use of illegal drugs. That’s primarily because a healthy person’s heart is free from any abnormal conditions that cause an arrhythmia, such as an area of scarred tissue.https:

However, in a heart that’s diseased or deformed, the heart’s electrical impulses may not properly start or travel through the heart, making arrhythmias more likely to develop.

Causes of congenital heart defects

Congenital heart defects usually develop while a baby is in the womb. Heart defects can develop as the heart develops, about a month after conception. There are some medical conditions, medications, and genes that can play a role in causing heart defects.

Congenital heart defects usually become evident soon after birth.  And the symptoms include:

  • Pale gray or blue skin color (cyanosis)
  • Swelling in the legs, abdomen or areas around the eyes
  • In an infant, shortness of breath during feedings, leading to poor weight gain

The less serious congenital heart defects are often not diagnosed until later in childhood or during adulthood. Signs and symptoms of the not life-threatening congenital heart defects are

Easily getting short of breath during exercise or activity

  • Easily tiring during exercise or activity
  • Swelling in the hands, ankles or feet

Heart defects can also be age-related. As we age, our heart’s structure can change, causing a heart defect.

Heart disease symptoms caused by weak heart muscle (dilated cardiomyopathy)

There may be no signs or symptoms in the early onset of  dilated cardiomyopathy disease but as the disease progress and condition worsens symptoms may occur and may include:

  • Breathlessness with exertion or at rest
  • Swelling of the legs, ankles, and feet
  • Fatigue
  • Irregular heartbeats that feel rapid, pounding or fluttering
  • Dizziness, lightheadedness, and fainting

This heart disease can be inherited as well as some other diseases and, conditions or abused substances can cause this disease. some of the diseases that can contribute to the weakening of the heart muscles are -Coronary heart disease, heart attack, high blood pressure, diabetes, thyroid disease, viral hepatitis, and HIV.

Heart disease symptoms caused by heart infections ( list taken from Mayo Clinic web site)

Endocarditis is an infection that affects the inner membrane that separates the chambers and valves of the heart (endocardium). Heart infection symptoms can include:

Fever

Shortness of breath

  • Weakness or fatigue
  • Swelling in your legs or abdomen
  • Changes in your heart rhythm
  • A dry or a persistent cough
  • Skin rashes or unusual spots

Endocarditis is a rare disease that involves inflammation of the lining of the heart muscles, and heart valves.

It is also known as infective endocarditis (IE), bacterial endocarditis (BE), infectious endocarditis, and fungal endocarditis.

The infection is normally caused by streptococcal or staphylococcal bacteria. Rarely, it can be caused by fungi or other infectious micro-organisms.

It is twice as common in men as in women and about 25 percent of adults  60 and above are affected.

The practicing of good hygiene can help in preventing infections and bacteria.

Heart disease symptoms caused by valvular heart disease

The heart has four valves — the aortic, mitral, pulmonary and tricuspid valves — that open and close to direct blood flow through your heart. Valves may be damaged by a variety of conditions leading to narrowing (stenosis), leaking (regurgitation or insufficiency) or improper closing (prolapse).

Depending on which valve isn’t working properly, valvular heart disease symptoms generally include:

  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of breath
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Swollen feet or ankles
  • Chest pain
  • Fainting (syncope)

Heart valve disease occurs when your heart’s valves do not work the way they should   In some cases the cause of heart valve disease is unknown but heart valve disease can develop before birth (congenital) or can be acquired sometime during one’s lifetime.

Risk factors for developing heart disease include: List taken from Mayo clinic website

  • Age. Aging increases your risk of damaged and narrowed arteries and weakened or thickened heart muscle.
  • Sex. Men are generally at greater risk of heart disease. However, women’s risk increases after menopause.
  • Family history. A family history of heart disease increases your risk of coronary artery disease, especially if a parent developed it at an early age (before age 55 for a male relative, such as your brother or father, and 65 for a female relative, such as your mother or sister).
  • Smoking. Nicotine constricts your blood vessels, and carbon monoxide can damage their inner lining, making them more susceptible to atherosclerosis. Heart attacks are more common in smokers than in nonsmokers.
  • Certain chemotherapy drugs and radiation therapy for cancer. Some chemotherapy drugs and radiation therapies may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease.
  • Poor diet. A diet that’s high in fat, salt, sugar and cholesterol can contribute to the development of heart disease.
  • High blood pressure. Uncontrolled high blood pressure can result in hardening and thickening of your arteries, narrowing the vessels through which blood flows.
  • High blood cholesterol levels. High levels of cholesterol in your blood can increase the risk of formation of plaques and atherosclerosis.
  • Diabetes. Diabetes increases your risk of heart disease. Both conditions share similar risk factors, such as obesity and high blood pressure.
  • Obesity. Excess weight typically worsens other risk factors.
  • Physical inactivity. Lack of exercise also is associated with many forms of heart disease and some of its other risk factors, as well.
  • Stress. Unrelieved stress may damage your arteries and worsen other risk factors for heart disease.
  • Poor hygiene. Not regularly washing your hands and not establishing other habits that can help prevent viral or bacterial infections can put you at risk of heart infections, especially if you already have an underlying heart condition. Poor dental health also may contribute to heart disease.

Complications

Complications of heart disease include:

  • Heart failure. One of the most common complications of heart disease, heart failure occurs when your heart can’t pump enough blood to meet your body’s needs. Heart failure can result from many forms of heart disease, including heart defects, cardiovascular disease, valvular heart disease, heart infections or cardiomyopathy.
  • Heart attack. A blood clot blocking the blood flow through a blood vessel that feeds the heart causes a heart attack, possibly damaging or destroying a part of the heart muscle. Atherosclerosis can cause a heart attack.
  • Stroke. The risk factors that lead to cardiovascular disease also can lead to an ischemic stroke, which happens when the arteries to your brain are narrowed or blocked so that too little blood reaches your brain. A stroke is a medical emergency — brain tissue begins to die within just a few minutes of a stroke.
  • Aneurysm. A serious complication that can occur anywhere in your body, an aneurysm is a bulge in the wall of your artery. If an aneurysm bursts, you may face life-threatening internal bleeding.

Peripheral artery disease.

    • . When you develop peripheral artery disease, your extremities — usually your legs — don’t receive enough blood flow. This causes symptoms, most notably leg pain when walking (claudication).
    • Sudden cardiac arrest. A sudden cardiac arrest is the sudden, unexpected loss of heart function, breathing and consciousness, often caused by an arrhythmia. A sudden cardiac arrest is a medical emergency. If not treated immediately, it is fatal, resulting in sudden cardiac death.

    Prevention

    Certain types of heart disease, such as heart defects, can not be prevented. However, we can help prevent many other types of heart disease by making the same lifestyle changes that can improve our heart and overall health.such as:-

    • Quit smoking
    • Control other health conditions, such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and diabetes
    • Exercise at least 30 minutes a day on most days of the week
    • Eat a diet that’s low in salt and saturated fat
    • Maintain a healthy weight
    • Reduce and manage stress
    • Practice good hygiene

    Conclusion

    Like all disease heart disease is easier to treat when detected early, so if we should speak to our health care provider if we have any concerns regarding your heart health or health in general. If there is concern about developing heart disease then have a talk with the doctor and advice will be given about steps that can be taken to reduce the risk of heart disease. This is especially important if there a history of family heart disease

    Thank you so much for reading my blog. I do hope you have found this post helpful and informative please leave your questions, comments in the space provided and I will get back to you. and please drop by again

    I have shared a link to some easy exercises from silver sneakers. hope you like them

    Beginner's Guide: Fitness Ball

    A fitness ball trains your body and brain. Here's how to integrate it into your workout.

    Posted by SilverSneakers on Tuesday, September 11, 2018

    NOTE:  This post includes affiliate links, which, if clicked on and a product purchased, I get a small commission (with no increase in cost to you).

    Living with Kidney Disease—- Knowing all Your Options

    Diagnosed with A Chronic Disease

    Being diagnosed with a chronic disease can make one feel as if our life has been turned upside down-and-out of control. But, acquiring the right knowledge is really powerful

    We worry when we are in the dark as to what to expect, and sometimes what we think can be far worse than what really happens.

    It is, therefore, best to learn everything we can about the disease by learning we feel more in control of our life and our health again

    The treatment we get can affect every area of our lives, so while we can live well with kidney failure it will not be by accident but by a conscious effort on our part.

    There are things that we have to give special attention like:-

    • What and how much you can eat and drink
    • How well you sleep
    • Your energy level
    • Your job
    • Travel
    • Your sex life
    • How long you may live

    Treatment for kidney failure is not only medical but it is also about what our life will be like from one day to the next because each day can be different
    It is very important that we think about what we would want our life to look like, and know the options we have and choose based on our priorities and values and the things we would want to be able to do.

    There are three main types of treatment if our kidneys fail, and some have more than one option. You have choices.

    Treatments for kidney failure

    There are two known treatments for kidney failure and they are kidney transplantation and dialysis. Two different types of dialysis can be done – hemodialysis and kidney dialysis there are two type of dialysis the hemodialysis and the peritoneal dialysis.

    Kidney Transplantation.

    • Kidney Transplant is done by placing a healthy kidney into the body. The kidney can come from someone who has died or from a living donor.

    Usually, the new kidney will function immediately. But because there is a risk our bodies will reject the new kidneys we will still need special medicines to prevent this from happening.

    And should rejection occurs, dialysis is needed and consideration for a second transplant can be made.

    It must be remembered that a kidney transplant is a treatment, not a cure and having a Kidney transplant still means we have chronic kidney disease, and we may still need some other medicines we took before the transplant.

    • Hemodialysis (HD).

    Hemodialysis is a method by which wastes and extra fluid is removed from the blood. It can be done at home (“home hemodialysis”) or in a dialysis center.

    During the process of hemodialysis, a small amount of blood is pumped through soft tubes to a dialysis machine where it goes through a special filter called a dialyzer (also called an artificial kidney). As your blood is filtered, it is returned to our bloodstream.

    It should be remembered that only a small amount of blood is out of our body at any time and because of this, the in-center treatment time is 3-5 hours, 3 times a week.

    But those of us who do home hemodialysis have more flexibility about how often it can be done, and if done daily, treatment time would be 1½ to 2 hours.

    In order for Hemodialysis to be done access will be needed into the bloodstream for placing needles.

    Fistula type of access

    The fistula access is the recommended choice A minor surgery will be needed to create a fistula. It is made by joining an artery to a nearby vein under the skin to make a bigger blood vessel. This type of access is preferred because it has fewer problems and lasts longer.

    Graft access

    If your blood vessels are not suitable for a fistula, then a grafting method may be used. This involves joining an artery and a nearby vein with a small, soft tube made of synthetic material. The graft is entirely beneath the skin. and will require a minor surgery to create a graft.

    The Catheter Access.

    The catheter is the third form of access it is inserted into a large vein in the neck or chest. The ends of the tubes sit on your skin outside of our body. This type of access is generally used when you need dialysis for a short period, the fistula or graft method cannot be used. Catheters are used as a permanent access

    Peritoneal Dialysis (PD).

    Peritoneal dialysis is a home-based treatment that can be done anywhere (at home, work, or when sleeping).and must be done daily a minor surgery will be needed to place a catheter in the abdomen (belly).

    With peritoneal dialysis, the blood is cleaned inside our body, not outside. The lining of our abdomen (the peritoneum) acts as a natural filter. During treatment, a cleansing solution, called dialysate, flows into our abdomen (belly) through a soft tube called a PD catheter.

    Wastes and extra fluid pass from the blood into the cleansing solution. After several hours, the used solution is drained from the abdomen and refill with a fresh cleaning solution which usually takes about 30 minutes to begin the process again. “

    Some changes can be made in Treatments for Kidney Failure

    It may be possible to change a certain type of dialysis treatment If changing will be comfortable for us we should speak to our healthcare professional about any change we would like. Even if having a kidney transplant is chosen, there may still be a need of dialysis until the transplant with a new kidney is done. It is not uncommon for people who have had kidney failure for many years to have had more than one type of treatment in that time.

    Keep Kidney Disease from Getting Worse

    Taking care of ourselves will help us to live long, fulfilling lives and continue to do the things we love. It can also help to slow or even stop kidney disease from getting worse – and it may even stop or delay kidney failure

    . Good self-management starts with:

    • Controlling other health problems you may have
    • Treating complications of kidney disease
    • Managing or preventing heart disease

    Control Other Health Problems

    You may have other disorders, such as diabetes and high blood pressure, which can damage your kidneys. One of the goals of your treatment is to make sure these are well-controlled. Ask your health care professional what you can do to keep these conditions under control – and do it! Some of the things your healthcare professional may ask you to do:

    • Take prescribed medications
    • Lose weight if you are overweight
    • Cut down on salt in your diet to control blood pressure
    • If you have diabetes, monitor your blood sugar, follow your diet and take your medications as prescribed

    Do What You Can to Manage the Complications of Kidney Disease

    Kidney disease can cause other health problems throughout your body including:

    • Heart and blood vessel problems
    • Anemia (low red blood cell count)
    • Mineral and bone problems
    • High blood pressure
    • Poor nutritional health

    If stage 4 kidney disease is diagnosed then these symptoms are more than likely these problems are being experienced.

    The healthcare professional will work with us to develop a treatment plan to help manage these problems and keep them from getting worse.

    Treatment may include diet, exercise, and medications. It is very important that to follow the treatment plan because it can greatly improve our quality of life and how long we live. It can also help to slow or even stop kidney disease from getting worse – and more importantly, it may even stop or delay kidney failure.

    Manage or Prevent Heart Disease

    Having stage 4 kidney disease increases the risk of having heart disease. It is a known fact, most people with kidney disease do not die of kidney failure – they usually die of heart disease.

    Usually, in addition to kidney disease, they usually have one or more of the following health risks:

    • High blood pressure
    • High blood pressure causes arteries to thicken and narrow, making it easier to form clots, which can lead to a heart attack or stroke. It also causes thickening and enlargement of the heart. The doctor may prescribe medicines to help control your blood pressure. You may also need to reduce salt in your diet.
    • Diabetes,
    • Diabetes especially uncontrolled diabetes leads to more fatty deposits in arteries. These can form a clot, leading to a heart attack or stroke.B e sure to take prescribed medication

    .

    • Anemia
    • Anemia reduces the flow of oxygen throughout your body, which forces your heart to work harder. As a result, your heart begins to thicken and enlarge, which can lead to heart failure or death. If diagnosed with anemia iron supplements should be taken along with any other medication that may be prescribed
    • Abnormal cholesterol

    Abnormal cholesterol causes fatty deposits to form in our arteries, making it easier to form clots which can lead to a heart attack or stroke. Keeping cholesterol at a normal level in important our doctor may have to recommend changes in our diet, along with regular exercise and, possibly, special medications, if our cholesterol is too high.

    • Bone and mineral disease
    • Bone and mineral disease causes arteries to stiffen and narrow from absorbing extra calcium and phosphorus that’s being shed from the bones.
    • This causes a reduction in blood flow to your heart, and this can lead to a heart attack and death. So limit the amount of high-phosphorus foods in your diet, take a type of medication called a phosphate binder with your meals,
    • Smoking
    • Smoking is not good for our bodies as it causes inflammation of the blood vessels, which causes even more buildup of fatty deposits in your arteries. Smoking increases the risk of clots, which can lead to a heart attack or stroke kicking the habit of smoking may not be easy but our doctors can provide a nicotine patch which will greatly reduce the symptoms of withdrawal

    Anemia reduces the flow of oxygen throughout your body, which forces your heart to work harder. As a result, your heart begins to thicken and enlarge, which can lead to heart failure or death. If diagnosed with anemia iron supplements should be taken along with any other medication that may be prescribed

    HEALTHY DIET FOR CKD

    Doctors recommend a healthy diet for kidney patients consisting of low sodium low phosphorus and calcium and a limited intake of potassium

    A healthy kidney diet is a way of eating that helps protect our kidneys from further damage. Doctors recommend the Dash Diet ( Dietary Approaches to Stop hypertension–( high blood pressure) It’s rich in fruits, veggies, low-fat dairy products, whole grains, fish, poultry, beans, seeds, and nuts. And it is low in salt and sodium, sugars and sweets, fats, and red meats

    Conclusion

    In conclusion it is far better to live a healthy lifestyle that will help prevent the Likelihood of having chronic diseases but should we be diagnosed with such a disease we should educate our selves with the all the options available to us choose the one that is most appropriate to our needs, take all the medications prescribed and also know the pros and cons of the medication look at the side effects and if changes can be made be proactive

    NOTE:  This post includes affiliate links, which, if clicked on and a product purchased, I get a small commission (with no increase in cost to you).

    Mega Motion Lift Chair Recliners Review

    Benefits of a Power lift chair

    A power lift chair is very helpful for someone who may need help in to get in or out of their chair The lift chair assist you to stand from a sitting position or to sit from a standing.

    The power lift chair is ideal for those who have problems with pain and need help to get in and out of a chair due to pain or lack of muscle strength which can be caused by a number of things like age, arthritis, recovering from a surgery, back issues or anything of that nature.

    These power chairs are very helpful in allowing seniors to retain their independence while remaining their homes It is also helpful to caregivers who are sometimes injured from assisting those in need of help to get up from a sitting position or returning to one.

    The power lift chair is made like a regular recliner with the added feature of a powerful electric motor located at the bottom of the chair and connected to hand controls that allow you to manage the speed and angle of the lifting mechanism.

    The different styles of recliner chairs

    There are three basic power lift chair styles, the two-position chair, the three-position chair, and the infinite position chair.

    The two-position lift chair is designed for the casual user and is not ideal for napping, or prolonged periods of sitting.

    A better option to the two position chair is the three-position lift chair it reclines to an almost flat angle, and It is a better alternative for those who intend to nap while in it.

    The infinite-position lift chair is a better option for those who will be spending a lot of time sitting or lying in it. It is more expensive but it generally offers more comfort and therapeutic options, such as dual motors which allow the footrest and the seat back to move independently, and a greater range and combination of positions.

    The infinite position chairs allow the user to lay in Trendelenburg Position (heart below lower extremities) which is very helpful in eliminating swelling in the legs.

    There are several things to consider when choosing the most appropriate model to fit your need, you will have will have to consider not only your mobility needs and functionality requirements, but also such things as price, number of positions the chair offers, specialty features such as heat and/or massage, and how and where the chair will fit in your home.

    You will have to consider the weight and height of the person using the chair. Most power lift chairs can support 300 pounds. A person’s height is important because the distance that the chair needs to lift off of the ground to facilitate a safe and pain-free exit is based on the height of its intended user.

    THE ULTIMATE LIFT CHAIR Catnapper Power Lift

    These chairs are available at Amazon.com and all three types are available for purchase. In this post I will be focusing on two these mega lift chairs THE ULTIMATE LIFT CHAIR” – Catnapper Power Lift – Full Lay-Out Recliner and the Easy Comfort mega lift chair

    Manufactures description

    Copied from Manufacturers website

    THE “ULTIMATE IN LIFT CHAIRS” WITH A STEEL FRAME (NOT WOOD), WITH HEAT and MASSAGE, LAYOUT ABILITY, COMFORT COIL SEATING WITH COMFORT GEL

    Made in the USA. Ships in factory Box and Chair will need assembly

    TUFTED BACK, CHANNELED CHAISE PAD DESIGN; PRINTED PADDED FAUX LEATHER FABRIC; ROLLED ARM PANEL FEATURING DECORATIVE NAILHEAD TRIM; COMFORT COIL SEATING FEATURING COMFORT-GEL; LAYOUT CHAIR WITH HEAT and MASSAGE.

    RELIEVES KEY BODY PRESSURE POINTS Gel-infused foam in our lift chairs feel so comfortable you will feel the difference the moment you sit down.

    PREMIUM FABRICS Rich and elegant look bring pride to the homeowners. A medical device we can be proud to display in our living room

    The Fabric is a special fabric system that is made to withstand stains and spills. The test of the fabrics in each fiber of the Fabric is enclosed through an immersion process, so its resistance to stains, moisture, mildew, and odors never break down.

    Before fabrics are used by Mega Motion they have to go through a very stringent test for seam slippage and wearability. All the Mega Motion fabrics pass a “heavy-duty” rating. What this means is that they must pass more than 15,000 double rubs for durability.

    • Impenetrable Moisture Barrier®
    • Disinfectable
    • Heavy-duty Durability
    • Children and pet-friendly
    • Stain Resistant
    • Odor Resistant
    • Easy to Clean
    • Permanent, breathable protection built into every fiber

    The Ultimate Power Recliner™ also offers Performance Fabrics in a variety of colors from Lexi Sta-Kleen.

    https://youtu.be/4AYR0iRPnWU

    Warming Technology

    The Ultimate Power Recliner has the capability of keeping you warm at the push of a button the Ultimate Power Recliner Zoned Heating Technology has an exclusive Dual-zoned Heating system that separately targets your back and your seat/legs, you can relax and achieve ultimate comfort.

    • Dual-zoned Heating Technology: The back and the seat/legs
    • Adjustable temperature zones
    • Twice the heating coverage compared to standard power recliners
    • Independent zone operation
    • 20-minute automatic safety shut-off
    • Weight capacity 450 lbs

    This chair has 4-star ratings and the PROS are

    Great chair for large people (450 lbs capacity)

    Meet expectations

    Comfortable

    Good Quality

    Cons Are

    Rough Movement

    The chair does not lay flat

    Mega Motion Infinite Position Power Easy Comfort Lift Chair

    Easy Comfort infinite mega lift chairs are manufactured in the United States of America by MYHTSEATS.COM the makers of Luxurious Home theater furnishing It a reputable company and is known for its quality products.

    The chair we are looking at is the FC-101 lift chair. This chair is an infinite position lift chair – an infinite position lift chair has a hand controller that adjusts the angle of the backrest and footrest and raises/lowers the chair. Both the backrest and footrest are power-operated and can be independently adjusted. A fully-reclined infinite position lift chair lies flat like a bed.

    This chair can lift up to 450 lbs. And has a heavy-duty steel lift mechanism, an integrated battery backup, that can lift the chair in case of a power outage and a one-year in-home service warranty. With the touch of a button, the chair gently rises or reclines.

    The electric motor provides a smooth move from recline to a standing position, making it ideal for persons who have difficulty getting into or out of a chair.

    This padded wings, roll arms with pleats, and a padded chaise seat for all over comfort. The power recline lets you recline automatically to any position with just the touch of a button. Also, the FC-101 has convenient side pocket to storage of light items like magazines, newspapers, or the remote control.

    This chair helps to give one a sense of independence in allowing to sit and stand without the need of help in sitting down from a standing position or standing up from a sitting position, you can watch television, sleep, read or simply to sit from the back and relax.

    There is a selection of 5 colors to choose from There is a one-year in-home service warranty and a limited lifetime warranty on the steel lift frame. These warranties are included in the price. If there are any mechanical failures and any rips and tears in the fabric and it occurs after the one-year warranty you can schedule a service call with one of their experienced technicians

    Product features are taken from manufactures website:

    • Infinite Position, all electric lift, and recline
    • Recommended for people from 5’4″ to 6’0″
    • Furniture grade hardwood/plywood construction
    • A heavy duty steel lift mechanism
    • 450 lbs. maximum lift capacity
    • 1-year manufacturers warranty
    • Chaise paid
    • Dual motors
    • Integrated battery emergency backup
    • Free curbside delivery included
    • Warranty:1 year in home service, lifetime warranty on lift mechanism

    Dimensions:

    Overall Height: 45″

    Overall Width: 32″

    Width between the arms: 20″

    Seat depth: 20″

    Seat width: 20″

    Seat height from floor: 20″

    This chair has a 4-star rating and pros are all good there are comments like

    Very comfortable, smooth movements, very easy to operate very quiet so far there have been no cons.

    Conclusion

    These chairs can be bought at Amazon.com which has a huge selection of these type chairs some cost less and some cost more, after comparing and researching the different chairs it is my opinion that these two chairs are the best of the bunch for the price and quality you can look at the differences between the chairs and choose the one that is suited to your needs

    Thank you for reading my post if you have a comment or question please leave it in the space provided and please stop by again.

    NOTE: This post includes affiliate links, which, if clicked on and a product purchased, I get a small commission (with no increase in cost to you).

     

    Living With Lupus—Maintaining Good Health

    What is lupus

    Lupus can be very difficult to diagnose because its systems are often like symptoms of other diseases. It is a systemic autoimmune disease that occurs when your body’s immune system attacks your own tissues and organs.

    Lupus causes inflammation and this can affect many parts of the body including the kidney, skin blood cells joint brain heart lungs There are people who are born with an inclination toward Lupus which can be triggered by sunlight certain drugs or by an infection

    A facial rash that resembles the wings of a butterfly unfolding across both cheeks is one of the distinctive symptoms of lupus that can occur in many but not all cases

    Symptoms (copied from the Mayo Clinic Website)

    Signs and symptoms develop suddenly or slowly, and it can be mild or severe and may be temporary or permanent.

    Most people with lupus have a mild case of the disease and is characterized by episode or flares ups which could get worse for a while, then improve or even disappear completely for a time.

    . The most common signs and symptoms include:

    • Fatigue

    • Fever

    • Joint pain, stiffness, and swelling

    • A butterfly-shaped rash on the face that covers the cheeks and bridge of the nose or rashes elsewhere on the body

    • Skin lesions that appear or worsen with sun exposure (photosensitivity)

    • Fingers and toes that turn white or blue when exposed to cold or during stressful periods (Raynaud’s phenomenon)

    • Shortness of breath

    • Chest pain

    • Dry eyes

    • Headaches, confusion and memory loss

    What is the cause of Lupus

    Lupus is an autoimmune disease and it occurs when your immune system attacks healthy tissue in your body. It is thought that lupus is caused by your genetics and your environment.

    People with a predisposition for lupus may develop the disease when they come into contact with something in the environment that can trigger lupus.

    Some potential triggers include:

    Exposure to sunlight can trigger an internal response in people that are predisposed to lupus and it can also bring on lupus skin lesions

    Having an infection can initiate lupus or cause a relapse in some people.

    Lupus is sometimes triggered by certain types of medications like blood pressure medications, anti-seizure medications, and antibiotics.

    Lupus symptoms triggered by medications usually get better when they stop taking the medication.

    Lupus can affect people of all ages but those between the ages of 15 and 45 are the age group that is often affected

    Lupus is found to be more common in African Americans, Hispanics, and Asian-Americans women.

    Complications

    Inflammation caused by lupus can affect many areas of your body, including your:

    Kidney damage and kidney failure leading to death are one of the leading cause of death of lupus patients.

    Many people whose brain are affected by lupus may sometimes experience headaches, dizziness, behavior changes, vision problems, and even strokes or seizures, some may even experience memory problems and may have difficulty expressing their thoughts.

    Lupus can also cause inflammation of the blood vessels and may lead to blood problems, including anemia and increased risk of bleeding or blood clotting.

    The chances of developing an inflammation of the chest cavity lining (pleurisy), which can make breathing painful increases with having lupus Bleeding into lungs and pneumonia also are possible.

    The risk of cardiovascular disease and heart attacks increases greatly as Lupus can cause inflammation of your heart muscle, your arteries or heart membrane.

    Other types of complications

    Having lupus also increases your risk of:

    Lupus Disease along with the treatment weakens the immune system and make people with lupus are more vulnerable to infection

    There is a small risk of cancer associated with having lupus This occurs when the blood supply to a bone diminishes, often leading to tiny breaks in the bone and eventually to the bone’s collapse.

    Lupus increases the risk of high blood pressure during pregnancy (preeclampsia) and preterm birth. which can cause miscarriage

    Living with lupus

    Living with lupus can make everyday life challenging. Especially when there is a flare-up with your lupus symptoms, symptoms like joint stiffness, pain, fatigue, confusion, or depression can make simple tasks difficult — and sometimes impossible.

    These symptoms aren’t visible, and the people around you may have trouble understanding just how you feel.

    It is important that the limitations that come with this disease are not ignored. However, there are steps that be taken to help you stay involved with work, relationships, and the activities that you care about.

    Start by letting family and friends understand the disease of lupus is so they know how they can help. which can be hard to describe.

    Explain What Lupus Is

    Lupus is an Autoimmune disease

    Lupus is a chronic disease there is no cure.

    Lupus has many symptoms and affects each person differently

    Lupus is not contagious it cannot be contracted

    Lupus is not a virus like HIV

    Lupus symptoms can appear, disappear, and change.

    Make adjustments within the family

    Share with your family all the details of the symptoms of the lupus disease that affects you and how they can help when these symptoms occur keeping your family informed can lessen their concerns. It’ll also help them understand why you may sometimes you may not want to participate in any of their activities.

    You should also :

    • Maintain a time schedule that is manageable to you and be sure to schedule time for breaks.

    • Assign household responsibilities to other members of the family as needed.

    • If needed ask for additional help from friends or extended family members.

    • Be sure to tell children if there is any about your disease and how it affects you.

    Take time for yourself

    Living with lupus may affect many areas of your life it is important to remember to take time out and enjoy some activities do not be totally consumed with the disease.

    Manage to work with lupus

    In most cases you will be able to continue working there may be some changes that will have to be made but this can be accomplished with the approval of your supervisor or the HR dept. Depending on what your lupus symptoms are.

    You may have to change your work schedule you may have to work fewer hours per day or go to part-time or in some cases, you may have to stop working altogether if this is the case there is help from the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). You can also contact your social security office and get information on benefits for disabilities.

    If you are going to school the same thing applies as at work, have manageable schedules. You may have to do some courses online or doing fewer subjects at a time but remember to take care of yourself.

    There is no special diet for lupus just be sure to eat a good balance died and if any food seems to cause a flare-up to stay away from such foods. This varies from person to person and there is no one food that causes a flare-up of the disease symptoms.

    Strength training helps

    A study done in 2015 of 146 women with lupus found that women with more lower-body muscle strength tended to be better at common activities such as lifting, bending, and climbing stairs. Plus, exercise can give you a mental boost: “Lupus-induced lack of energy is often mental and physical,” says Dr. Kamen. “Strength training helps counter that fatigue.”

    I have placed a link from silver sneakers This simple exercise done 3-5 time per week boosts lower-body strength, balance, and overall stability.

    Single-Leg Squat

    This simple exercise boosts lower-body strength, balance, and overall stability.#SilverSneakersEOD

    Posted by SilverSneakers on Tuesday, August 14, 2018

    Conclusion

    Even though there is no cure for lupus once diagnosed you will have it for life it is very important that you take care of your self you may not die from lupus but this disease can affect different important organs of the body that will lead to death

    It is very important that you follow you Doctors instruction with regard to taking your medication and if there is a support group for lupus patients it would be good to join such a group

    I hope you found this post helpful and please drop by again.

    Living With Parkinson Disease—Maintaining Good Health

    Parkinson’s disease is very challenging to live with, as it causes progressive changes to the motor function to the body, it also causes many other non-motor symptoms, including but not limited to depression, insomnia (sleep problems,) pain, and, brain disorder ex. memory loss inability to reason intellectually

    The disease greatly impacts the quality of life on not only the patient but also the ones caring for the patient. Although there is much about PD that we are unable to control by, taking an active role in treatment, including following instructions with medication schedule and making healthy lifestyle choices, can provide a sense of control and help people with PD live their lives to the fullest.

    Being Diagnosed


    It can be very overwhelming when first diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease. There is still a lot to learn about the disease, its symptoms, and the different options in treating this disease. However, research is continuing and learning about the disease can help us to better understand it and may help us in taking control of the symptoms and hopefully finding a cure.

    Assistance and modifications

    Living with Parkinson’s Disease can make normal daily activities very challenging but there are many devices and adaptations that can make it easier to cope with the symptoms. Assistive devices are available that can help with walking, eating, getting dressed, and making writing easier. There are utensils that are now available to make eating easier for people who experience the tremor or shaking of PD.

    Some utensils are made with larger and, weighted handles that make it easier to grip, some even has a sensor in the handle that neutralizes the tremor, keeping the utensil steady. Many people with PD also find it helpful to use travel cups with lids and/or straws attached, as well as plates with a scooped edge to avoid spills.

    Getting dressed is challenging, for Parkinson diseased patient especially when it comes to fastening buttons, zippers, and shoes.

    Weighted Button Aid has a large grip handle that makes pulling a button through its hole much easier.

    Zipper pulls attach a ring to the tiny handle on zippers, making them easier to grasp and zip up or down.

    Magnetic buttons provide the shirt that has buttons on the outside that close with magnets on the inside.

    Shoes with Velcro or elastic shoelaces are easier to fasten than those with shoelaces.

    Home also has to be made safe for the patient due to their risk of falls these alterations can be small and easy to be added. Changes at times can also be a major building project that requires construction.

    The bathroom should also be made safe, There are also a number of things that can be done to make bathroom safe and accidents in the bathroom rear Handlebars can be added, to tubs and showers to make it easier for the patient getting in and out Non-skid mats or decals are also good an idea helps in reducing the risk of slipping.

    Tub chairs or benches can be used for sitting in the tub so standing while taking a shower won’t be too tiring, and raised toilet seats or grab bars near the toilet can make it easier to sit down and get up.

    Electric toothbrushes and electric razors will help to make daily grooming easier, and turning on the faucet can become difficult touch faucets can be installed that turn on the water with a simple touch

    Driving and Parkinson’s disease

    The ability to drive safely can be impacted by PD, as the disease has multiple effects on motor, cognitive (thinking), and visual functioning. However, patients with PD should be assessed before allowing a person with PD to drive especially if the symptoms are at an advanced stage.

    Coping Emotionally with PD

    Patients dealing with PD usually have problems coping emotionally they have trouble adjusting to the fact they have lost some of their independence and they now have to be dependent on others for assistance for doing the most personal task.

    Be well-informed about all your medications. Ask your doctor if your medications should be taken with food or on an empty stomach, what the possible side effects are, and if there are any interactions to avoid

    Take special notice on how your medications make you feel, particularly note how long it takes before the medication starts working (your PD symptoms lessen) and how long it takes for your symptoms reoccur

    This information is important to share with your doctor this will tell you, doctor, if your medication needs to be increased in strength or in frequency.

    It is best to have all your prescriptions filled at one pharmacy. Using one pharmacy for all your prescriptions helps your pharmacist understands everything you’re taking and can detect any mistakes that may be made in your prescription.

    Be sure to get your prescriptions refilled early. It’s best not to wait until you run out of your medications before getting a refill, as this may cause you to skip a dose or taking it later than usual may greatly impact your PD symptoms.

    Schedule refills at least a week before you run out to ensure you will have your medication.

    Use a pill dispenser. Pill dispensers make it easy to see if you’ve taken your dose of medicines, pill dispensers have separate compartments and are labeled for each day. Some pillboxes have different compartments different time of the day morning, noon, and night.

    It is very important to keep a list of your medications. It’s helpful for you or your caregiver to keep a list with all the medications, supplements, and vitamins that you take in one place.

    This list will be needed if there is an emergency and you need to go to the hospital this list should include the name of the medication, the dosage, and the time schedule of when it is taken.

    Doctors need to understand everything you are taking to help manage side effects and prevent adverse drug interactions.

    . Pay attention to side effects. If you notice any change in how you are feeling, physically, mentally, or emotionally, contact your doctor right away. Side effects can be serious and should not be ignored. It may be possible to switch medications or reduce the dose

    Coping with the side effects of medications

    Unfortunately, medications that are the most effective in alleviating the motor symptoms have some side effects an example of this is the medication Levodopa-carbidopa therapy but it has been shown that long-term treatment with Levodopa may cause dyskinesia (spontaneous, involuntary movements).

    Dyskinesia can greatly impact a person’s quality of life, it causes the body to shake involuntary and some people find it very disturbing. While there are currently no treatments for dyskinesia.

    There are some medications that are used to treat PD can cause impulse control disorders, behavioral disorders in which the person acts out repetitively, excessively, and compulsively in ways that interfere with major areas of life functioning. The most common impulse control disorders seen in people with PD are excessive shopping, unusual or increased sexual behavior, compulsive gambling, and compulsive eating. Identification and treatment of these behaviors are critical as they can have devastating effects on the patient’s and caregiver’s lives.

    There is a higher incidence of some other disease that can affect a person with Parkinson Disease these diseases include g diabetes, melanoma (a type of skin cancer), osteoarthritis, gastrointestinal diseases, genitourinary dysfunction, and cardiovascular disease. Many people with PD also have a vitamin D deficiency.

    Conclusion

    In conclusion, we can see that living with PD can be very stressful, painful. and emotionally draining but with the right mindset and making adjustments in our daily living and being careful in making sure to take the medication and relaying to the doctor any changes you may notice eating properly and doing some exercise will make living with the disease a little easier to cope.


    I share information on health and wellness for baby boomers. As a boomer myself this is my passion. If you have a passion and would like to share on your own website Click here and learn how to build and maintain your own website for free.

    NOTE: This post includes affiliate links, which, if clicked on and a product purchased, I get a small commission (with no increase in cost to you).

    Under Desk Elliptical Review –Maintaining good Healh

    In another post I dealt with the benefits of An elliptical machine I know that not everyone will be able to use the usual elliptical machine because of maybe physically impairment and therefore would not be able to use the machine.

    Review of Bowflex bxe116 Elliptical Trainer

    It is very important that the legs are exercised the largest and main artery that provides oxygenated blood to the tissues. Is found in the legs ( the Femoral artery) exercising the legs helps in cardiovascular health,

    Even if you are too weak, the muscles in your legs are too weak, or your job requires you to be sitting all day or if your lifestyle is sedentary for whatever reason it is very important that you exercise your leg muscles it helps in keeping your heart healthy

    I am introducing you to under desk exercise machines there are a variety of different kinds there are the mini exercise bikes, the twist step and the under-desk elliptical.

    In this post, the focus is on the under-desk elliptical. I will be looking at the two top ones. The under desk elliptical has many benefits and it’s not complicated to use and it delivers a good workout which promotes cardiovascular wellness, and fat loss as well as strength almost like a regular elliptical machine the difference you will be sitting

    Sunny Health & Fitness Motorized Auto Assisted Under Desk Elliptical Peddler Exerciser – SF-E3626

    Sunny Health & Fitness Motorized Auto Assisted Under Desk Elliptical Peddler Exerciser - SF-E3626

    Features    (BUY NOW AT AMAZON)

    Motorized under-desk elliptical with large textured anti-slip foot pedals

    The digital monitor allows access to modes Manual or Auto, forward or backward pedaling, and step counter

    Operate manually with 3 modes of resistance, Low, Med, HI or utilize the 3 automatic modes of Active, Moderate or Light

    Manual resistance switch when the machine is not plugged in, perfect for those no power situations

    Automatic shut off timer activates when the machine is idle over 30 minutes

    Built-in carrying handle for ease of transportation

    Operates with 120V wall plug for Automatic Modes

    Non-slip floor mat included

    Comes already assembled

    SPECS COPIED FROM MANUFACTURER Website

    SPECS

    SHIPPING DIMENSIONS 16.38 x 12.05 x 23.35 in
    BRAND Sunny Health & Fitness
    MANUFACTURED IN China
    MODEL NO. SF-E3626
    PRODUCT DIMENSIONS: 20L x 15W x 10.5H in
    PRODUCT WEIGHT: 16.5lbs
    DIGITAL MONITOR: Manual or Auto Modes, Step Counter
    UPC 815749011442
    WARRANTY 1 YEAR – Structural Frame, 90 DAYS – Other Parts and Components.

    Cubii Pro Under Desk Elliptical, Bluetooth Enabled, Sync w/FitBit

    Cubii Pro Under Desk Elliptical, Bluetooth Enabled, Sync w/FitBit and HealthKit, Adjustable Resistance, Easy Assembly (Noir)Can be purchased at Amazon.com

    Features COPIED FROM SELLERS Website

    • BLUETOOTH ENABLED – Burn an additional 150 calories per hour. Connect to an exclusive mobile app to track calories, strides, distance, RPM and time. Sync to Fitbit and Apple Healthkit. Select from 8 resistance levels, allowing you to adjust and control the intensity of your workout. Cubii Pro is not motorized. (requires iPhone 5 or above-running iOS 9 or above, and Android phones running OS 4.4 or above)
    • WHISPER QUIET – Designed specifically to be whisper quiet, discreetly workout at the office or home without disturbing those around you.
    • DURABLE AND STURDY – We built Cubii Pro to last and that means using better parts, better construction, and more quality control than some alternatives. Product size and weight were carefully considered to limit Cubii Pro from sliding while in use.
    • DESIGNED FOR COMFORT- Patented ergonomic angles provide a smooth elliptical exercise that is low impact on your joints. Its compact design lets you easily slide Cubii Pro under your desk without bumped knees.
    • EASY ASSEMBLY – Your purchase includes all required equipment for easy assembly (4 screws and you’re done). Estimated assembly time is 3-5 minutes. 2 wheel stoppers included keeping your pesky office chair from rolling while pedaling.

    Cubii Under Desk Elliptical uses Bluetooth connectivity that allows you to connect it to a mobile app on your smartphone in order to monitor your progress. There is no built-in console on the elliptical itself, so you wouldn’t be able to monitor your progress

    https://mycubii.com/products/cubii-jr

    These machines target the ABS and cores

    Glutes

    Quads

    Hamstrings

    Calves and Hip Flexor

    Well rounded exercise program.

    These machines are made up of very good quality material and of course, there are much cheaper than a full size one. That’s because you are just getting only the pedal mechanism and not the full-size frame. They are strong and durable.

    Work And Exercise At The Same Time

    The great thing about these under desk exercise machine is you can be at work and are able to get in your exercise at the same time. The motion of your leg is very light and will not affect your ability to use your hands for other things like working at your desk to use your computer or other tasks at the same time.

    Suitable For The Home Or The Office

    These machines are very convenient and can be used either at your office under your desk or at home while you are watching your favorite program, these machines are usually very quiet

    There Pros and cons for these two machines I will look at the CUBII First

    Pros

    It is a super quiet machine

    It is very comfortable to use

    It is very sturdy

    This machine has a  star ratings

    Cons

    There is no built-in console on the elliptical itself, you can only monitor your progress by connecting to the app vis iPhone.

    The Sunny Health SF-E2636

    Pros

    Motorised

    Comes fully assembled

    Very quiet

    Cons the right foot pedal breaks off after a couple of use and while the motor has a warranty for a year the attachments are only for 90 days so my suggestion is if you decide to buy this one buy extra insurance or warranty

    Conclusion

    The Sunny health is way cheaper than the Cubii but I am of the opinion that you will get a better service from the Cubii

    All these machines and a large variety of others can be purchased at Amazon .com

    I share information on health and wellness for baby boomers. As a boomer myself this is my passion. If you have a passion and would like to share on your own website Click here and learn how to build and maintain your own website for free.

    NOTE:  This post includes affiliate links, which, if clicked on and a product purchased, I get a small commission (with no increase in cost to you).

    What are the Symptoms of Parkinson Disease

    Parkinson’s disease is a progressive disease that affects the nervous system it is a disorder that affects movement.

    The Symptoms start gradually, and sometimes usually starting on one side of the body with a barely noticeable tremor in just one hand

    Tremors are the most common sign and usually begins in a limb, usually, the hand and your hand may tremor when it is at rest.

    The tremor may cause you to rub your thumb and forefinger back-and-forth, known as a pill-rolling tremor.

    Slowed movement (bradykinesia)

    Another symptom of Parkinson’s disease is slowing of your movement, making the simplest of tasks difficult and time-consuming.

    Your steps may become shorter when you walk causing it taking longer to go from place to place.

    It may also be difficult to get out of a chair because your muscles become weak and you may drag your feet as you try to walk as it becomes difficult to lift your feet.

    Rigid muscles

    Muscle stiffness can occur in any part of your body. And the muscles becomes not only stiff but can be painful and this limits your range of motion.

    Impaired posture and balance.

    As a result of Parkinson disease, your posture usually become stooped, and there may be a balance problem

    Loss of automatic movements.

    The ability to perform unconscious movement like blinking smiling or swinging your arms when you walk will be drastically decreased.

    Speech changes.

    Your speech pattern may change you may speak more softly, quickly, slur or hesitate before talking. Your speech may lose tone or pitch and become be more of a monotone (expressionless)

    Writing changes.

    Your handwriting may change in appearance because of the stiffness of the muscle of the arm it may become hard to write, and your writing may appear different from your regular handwriting.

    Causes

    Parkinson’s disease is caused when certain nerve cells (neurons) in the brain gradually break down or die. Many of these symptoms are due to a loss of the neurons that produce a chemical in your brain called dopamine.

    When dopamine levels decrease, it causes abnormal brain activity, leading to symptoms of Parkinson’s disease.

    The cause of Parkinson’s disease is as yet unknown, but there are several factors that indicate they could play a role, including:

    Genes

    There is a certain genetic mutation that has been identified that can cause Parkinson disease but this is very rare and is only common in a family that has many members affected with the disease.

    However, there are certain gene variations which appear to increase the risk of Parkinson’s disease but the risk of Parkinson’s disease for each of these genetic markers are relatively small

    Environmental triggers

    There is a very small risk that exposure to certain toxins or environmental factors may increase the risk of later Parkinson’s disease.

    Researchers have also found that many changes occur in the brains of people with Parkinson’s disease, it is still not clear why these changes occur. These changes include:

    The presence of Lewy bodies

    Lewy bodies are clumps of specific substances within brain cells are microscopic markers of Parkinson’s disease. And researchers believe these Lewy bodies hold an important clue to the cause of Parkinson’s disease.

    Alpha-synuclein is found within Lewy bodies

    Alpha-synuclein is one of the important natural and widespread protein in substance found within Lewy bodies,

    It’s found in all Lewy bodies in a clumped form that cells can’t break down. This is currently an important focus among Parkinson’s disease researchers.

    Risk factors

    AGE

    Parkinson’s disease ordinarily begins in middle or late life, and the risk increases with age. People usually develop the disease around age 60 or older men more than women. Young adults rarely experience Parkinson disease.

    .

    Heredity.

    There is a small risk of developing Parkinson’s disease, however, the risk increases if there many relatives in your family with Parkinson’s.

    Sex. Men are more likely to develop Parkinson’s disease than are women

    .

    Exposure to toxins.

    There are indications that ongoing exposure to herbicides and pesticides may slightly increase your risk of Parkinson’s disease.

    Complications

    There are certain complications that often accompany Parkinson’s disease these problems, maybe treatable:

    Thinking difficulties.

    There may be cognitive problems (dementia) and thinking difficulties, which usually occur in the later stages of Parkinson’s disease. unfortunately, these cognitive problems aren’t very responsive to medications

    Depression and emotional changes.

    There may be some experience of depression, in the very early stages. Receiving treatment for depression can make it easier to handle the other challenges of Parkinson’s disease.

    Other emotional changes may occur such as fear, anxiety or loss of motivation. Doctors may give you medications to treat these symptoms.

    Swallowing problems.

    Saliva accumulation in your mouth may develop due to slowed swallowing and this will lead to drooling

    Chewing and eating problems

    In the late-stage of Parkinson’s disease, the muscles in your mouth are affected, making chewing difficult. This can lead to choking and poor nutrition.

    Sleep problems and sleep disorders

    People with Parkinson’s disease often develop insomnia which includes waking up frequently throughout the night, and falling asleep during the day Medications may help your sleep problems.

    Bladder problems

    Parkinson’s disease may develop an incontinence problem, including being unable to control urine or having difficulty urinating. many people also have a constipation problem this is due to a slower digestive tract.

    You may also experience blood pressure changes like a sudden drop in blood pressure when you stand causing you to feel dizzy or lightheaded.:

    Smell dysfunction

    You may lose the ability to differentiate between odors losing your sense of smell there may also be a loss of energy especially during the latter part of the day causing you to feel fatigue.

    Pain.

    People with Parkinson’s disease usually experience some pain, either in specific areas of their bodies or throughout their bodies.

    Sexual dysfunction

    Some people with Parkinson’s disease notice a decrease in sexual desire or performance.

    The cause of Parkinson’s is unknown, and because of this there are no proven ways to prevent the disease and at this time there is no cure. But medication exists that can make the symptoms more manageable.

    Research is still going on and some research has shown that regular aerobic exercise might reduce the risk of Parkinson’s disease.

    And other research has shown that people who drink caffeine — which is found in coffee, tea and cola are less likely to get Parkinson’s disease than those who don’t drink it. At this time there is still no definitive proof that caffeine actually protects against getting Parkinson’s, or is related in some other way.

    Ruthlyn shares information on health and wellness for baby boomers. As a boomer myself this is my passion. If you have a passion and would like to share on your own website Click here and learn how to build and maintain your own website for free.

    I have copied a link to silver sneakers easy exercises and stretches if done regularly there should be an increase in flexibility and a decrease of pain.

    10 Fun Fitness Ball Exercises

    Strengthen your core, improve balance and mobility, and exercise your brain with these fun fitness ball moves.

    Posted by SilverSneakers on Sunday, August 12, 2018

    The Effects of Diabetes on Your Body—Maintaining Good health

    Diagnosed diabetes left unchecked and allowed getting out of control can result in a wide range of health issues that can affect the body in very negative ways. These health issues involved, the organs of the body and how the organs are affected

    As stated in a previous post (https://healthandwellnessforboomers.com/causes-and-effect-of-diabetes-maintaining-good-health)Sugar comes from the food we eat and is the main fuel source of power for the human body. The hormone insulin helps the cells of the body convert glucose into fuel.

    Effect on systems and organs

    The systems and organs of the body that can be affected by diabetes are many and This includes the circulatory system, urinary, cardiovascular, nervous system and much more

    Circulatory System

    Circulatory system moves blood throughout the body, and it comprises the heart, arteries, capillaries, and veins.

    This system circulates oxygenated blood from the lungs and heart throughout the entire body by way of the arteries, supplying nutrients and oxygen to the cells and remove waste products.

    . Uncontrolled diabetes can cause damage to the large and small blood vessel which can lead to macrovascular disease.

    Macrovascular disease

    Macrovascular disease of the larger blood vessels this includes the coronary arteries, the aorta, and the artery in the brain and limbs. This disease sometimes occurs when a person has had uncontrolled diabetes for a long period and can cause the increase possibilities of heart attack and stroke.

    The Cardiovascular System

    The cardiovascular system is made up of the circulatory system. Diabetes affects the cardiovascular system by causing the decrease in elasticity of the blood vessels and this causes them to become narrow which then impedes the flow of blood to the organs.

    The Nervous System

    The nervous system consists of the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system:

    • The brain and spinal cord make up the central nervous system
    • The nerve fibers that branch from the spinal cord to all parts of the including the neck, upper and lower limbs, skeletal muscles and the internal organs.

    Diabetic nephropathy affects all nerve endings (peripheral) including sensory and motor cells. Therefore, diabetic nephropathy can affect all organs and systems.

    Signs and symptoms of nephropathy

    Usually, symptoms develop gradually and you may not realize anything is wrong until significant damage is done to the nerve.

    There are four types of diabetic nephropathy and you can be affected by more than one type. The four main types of Nephropathy are

    • Peripheral nephropathy
    • Autonomic nephropathy
    • Radiculoplexus nephropathy
    • Mononeuropathy,

    Peripheral nephropathy

    The most common of these diabetic nephropathies is peripheral nephropathy, The symptoms start in the feet first followed by the hands and arms.

    Some of those symptoms include numbness, tingling sharp pains, Increased sensitivity to touch for some people the lightest touch can be painful, muscle weakness, sores infections and bone and joint pain.

    These nerve damage usually happens about 25 years after the diabetes is diagnosed. The National Institute of Diabetes says diabetic nerve damage affects about 60-70 percent of diabetics are affected with nerve damage.

    Diabetic patients should take care of their feet by checking the feet daily for blisters, cuts, corns, and any changes if these symptoms are caught early further damage can be prevented.

    Use moisturizer on areas of dry rough or cracked skin on your feet and heels protect feet by wearing comfortable and supportive shoes taking these measures will help to keep your feet healthy.

    Autonomic Nephropathy

    Autonomic Nephropathy happens when diabetes effect and damage the nervous system that controls the organs of the body, that is the heart stomach, bladder, sex organs, eyes, and intestines.

    According to the Mayo Clinic damage to any of these organs can cause

    • A lack of awareness that blood sugar levels are low (hypoglycemia unawareness)
    • Bladder problems, including urinary tract infections or urinary retention or incontinence
    • Constipation, uncontrolled diarrhea or both
    • Slow stomach emptying (gastroparesis), causing nausea, vomiting, bloating and loss of appetite
    • Difficulty swallowing
    • Increased or decreased sweating
    • Problems controlling body temperature
    • Changes in the way your eyes adjust from light to dark
    • Increased heart rate at rest
    • Sharp drops in blood pressure after sitting or standing that may cause you to faint or feel lightheaded
    • Erectile dysfunction
    • Vaginal dryness
    • Decreased sexual response

    Radiculoplexus nephropathy (diabetic amyotrophy)

    Radiculoplexus nephropathy is more common in people with type 2 diabetes and the symptoms usually affect the nerves in the thighs, hips, buttocks or legs. Causing severe pain in the affected parts. There may be also weak and shrinking thigh muscles causing difficulty in rising from a sitting position if the abdomen is affected swelling may occur and weight loss.

    Mononeuropathy

    Mononeuropathy, or focal nephropathy, is caused by damage to a specific nerve in the face, middle of the body (torso) or leg. This condition is most common in older adults. The symptoms of mononeuropathy often strike suddenly and can cause severe pain. However, the effect is usually not long-term and doesn’t cause any lasting effect.

    Symptoms usually cause pain in the Shin or foot, lower back, or pelvis front of thigh, chest or abdomen

    Mononeuropathy can also cause nerve problems in the eyes and face, leading to Bells Palsy (paralysis on one side of the face0 also there could be a difficulty focusing, double vision, Aching behind one eye. Carpal tunnel syndrome can also be associated with mononeuropathy this occurs when something presses against a nerve

    Summary

    Diabetes is a disease that can cause a lot of damage to the whole body in most cases this disease can be prevented by avoiding foods with refined carbs and sugar, performing physical exercise keep active if overweight tries to lose the excess weight if you are a smoker quit smoking.

    And if you are diagnosed with diabetes there are precautions that can be taken to limit the damage the disease can cause to the body

    • Good control of blood glucose levels, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels. Getting regular laboratory tests, eye and foot exams
    • Making healthy food choices and staying physically active Taking medication as prescribed by your doctor Testing your blood sugar regularly

    Thank you for reading my post, hope you found it informative and helpful please stop by again.

    Ruthlyn shares information on health and wellness for baby boomers. As a boomer myself this is my passion. If you have a passion and would like to share on your own website Click here and learn how to build and maintain your own website for free.