Disorders Of The Lungs, Lung Diseases— maintaining good health

Lung Diseases Affecting the Interstitium

The interstitium is the microscopically thin, delicate lining between the lungs’ air sacs (alveoli). Tiny blood vessels run through the interstitium and allow gas exchange between the alveoli and the blood. Various lung diseases affect interstitium:

Interstitial lung disease is a collection of different lung conditions affecting the interstitium. They are:-


Sarcoidosis

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

Autoimmune disease

Pneumonia and pulmonary edemas can also affect the interstitium

Sarcoidosis is an inflammatory disease that affects multiple organs in the body, but mostly the lungs and lymph glands. In people with sarcoidosis, abnormal masses or nodules consisting of inflamed tissues form in certain body organs. These nodules may alter the normal structure and possibly the function of the affected organ(s).

The Symptoms of Sarcoidosis.

The symptoms of sarcoidosis can vary greatly, depending on which organs are involved. Most patients initially complain of a persistent dry cough, fatigue, and shortness of breath. Other symptoms may include Tender reddish bumps or patches on the skin Red and teary eyes, or blurred vision.

Swollen and painful joints.

Enlarged and tender lymph glands in the neck, armpits, and groin.

Enlarged lymph glands in the chest and around the lungs.

Hoarse voice.

Pain in the hands, feet, or other bony areas due to the formation of cysts (an abnormal sac-like growth) in bones.

Kidney stone formation.

Enlarged liver.

Development of abnormal or missed heartbeats, inflammation of the covering of the heart, or heart failure.

Nervous system effects include hearing loss, meningitis, seizures, or psychiatric disorders (such as dementia, depression, psychosis).

In some people, symptoms may begin suddenly and/or severely and subside in a short period of time. Others may have no outward symptoms at all, even though organs are affected. Still, others may have symptoms that appear slowly but last or recur over a long time.

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a serious disease and will have a great effect on your life.

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a type of lung disease that results in scarring (fibrosis) of the lungs for an unknown reason. Over time, the scarring worsens, and it becomes hard to take in a deep breath, and the lungs cannot take in enough oxygen.

The cause of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is not completely understood. No one knows what causes idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis or why some people get it. “Idiopathic” means of unknown cause. Common risk factors for IPF include:

Genetics (family history):  if more than one member of your family has IPF, the disease is familial pulmonary fibrosis.

Cigarette smoking: Approximately 75% of people with IPF are current or previous cigarette smokers.

Acid reflux (gastroesophageal reflux disease [GERD]):

Symptoms

Symptoms typically include a gradual onset of shortness of breath and a dry cough. Other changes may include feeling tired and nail clubbing.

There is no known cure for IPF; there is some medication that can slow the growth of the disease. The life expectancy is 10 years after being diagnosed, and there is also a lung transplant, but that is major surgery.  Autoimmune disease

Autoimmune disease

A disease in which the body’s immune system attacks healthy cells.

In cases of immune system overactivity, the body attacks and damages its own tissues (autoimmune diseases). Immune deficiency diseases decrease the body’s ability to fight invaders, causing vulnerability to infections.

Common diseases that are considered autoimmune are:-

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Rheumatoid arthritis

A chronic inflammatory disorder affecting many joints, including those in the hands and feet.

Lupus

Inflammatory disease is caused when the immune system attacks its own tissues.

Multiple sclerosis

A disease in which the immune system eats away at the protective covering of nerves.

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Type 1 diabetes

A chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin.

Alopecia areata

Sudden hair loss starts with one or more circular bald patches that may overlap.

Temporal arteritis

Inflammation of blood vessels, called arteries, in and around the scalp

Vasculitis

Inflammation of the blood vessels causes changes in the blood vessel walls.

Ankylosing spondylitis

Inflammatory arthritis affecting the spine and large joints.

Celiac disease

An immune reaction to eating gluten, a protein found in wheat, barley, and rye.

Sjogren’s Syndrome

An immune system disorder characterized by dry eyes and dry mouth.

I have listed a few diseases that are considered autoimmune, but there are much more.

So we need to try and prevent getting these diseases by having a healthy lifestyle quit smoking if you are. It seems that 75% of these diseases are caused by smoking.

Have a healthy diet, keep away from sugars, pastries a little now, and then cut out or down on alcoholic beverages, no overindulgence, more fruits and vegetables, and a little exercise.

I know that sometimes even with the precautions taken, we still get sick, but our immune system will be strong enough to fight these diseases

I have placed a link to some easy exercises from silver sneakers, try and do these at least three times per week

https://www.facebook.com/silversneakers/videos/10156739403047432/

Thank you for reading my post. I hope you found it helpful and informative; if you have any questions or comments, please leave them below, and I will respond. Please like and share this post.

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